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Physical, Chemical, and Biological Substrate Pretreatments to Enhance Biogas Yield

  • Bruno VenturinEmail author
  • Charline Bonatto
  • Felippe Martins Damaceno
  • Jéssica Mulinari
  • Gislaine Fongaro
  • Helen Treichel
Chapter
Part of the Biofuel and Biorefinery Technologies book series (BBT, volume 9)

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion is an environmentally friendly technology for the stabilization and recovery of biodegradable organic waste, both agroindustrial and urban. Hydrolysis is the first and one of the main steps of the anaerobic digestion process, as it determines the overall biodegradation rate of the substrates. Fibrous materials, for example, although rich in carbon, present sugars protected by lignocellulosic structures, which hinders their biodegradability. Lipid residues present a great energetic potential; however, they are hydrophobic, which hinders their hydrolysis. Residues that have coarse granulometry tend to exhibit long periods of biodegradation due to their small surface areas and difficult solubilization. In this regard, the present chapter will discuss the application of pretreatments of substrates for anaerobic biodigestion by physical, chemical, and biological methods. The aim is to facilitate the hydrolysis and increase the energy and nutritional use of the residues in shorter time intervals, increasing the yield and optimizing the biogas production chain.

Keywords

Anaerobic biodigestion Hydrolysis Biodegradability 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Venturin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Charline Bonatto
    • 2
  • Felippe Martins Damaceno
    • 1
  • Jéssica Mulinari
    • 2
  • Gislaine Fongaro
    • 3
    • 4
  • Helen Treichel
    • 3
  1. 1.Western Paraná State UniversityCascavelBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of Microbiology and Bioprocess, Department of Environmental Science and TechnologyFederal University of Fronteira SulErechimBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, Imunology and Parasitology (MIP), Laboratory of Applied VirologyFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

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