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Positive Impact of Biogas Chain on GHG Reduction

  • María Cruz García-GonzálezEmail author
  • David Hernández
  • Beatriz Molinuevo-Salces
  • Berta Riaño
Chapter
Part of the Biofuel and Biorefinery Technologies book series (BBT, volume 9)

Abstract

Nowadays, it is a well-accepted fact that greenhouse gases (GHG) contribute to the global warming of the planet and that they are a very real and very serious threat to the whole world. It is estimated that 10% of total GHG emitted is from sources in the agricultural sector and over 3% from waste management. Most countries agreed to reduce GHG emissions through the mitigation of GHG sources and application of technologies to stop global warming; however, there is much work to do as GHG are increasing every year. Among these technologies, anaerobic digestion appears as a well-established technology in most countries that can contribute to mitigate GHG emissions from organic wastes. Capture of these gases from uncontrolled organic wastes processes from municipal solid wastes, human excreta, wastewaters, tanneries, distilleries and other industries discharged in public swears is necessary to reduce these emissions and to profit methane from this biogas; otherwise, they are a source of fugitive GHG contributing to the global warming. Anaerobic digestion has the potential for global warming savings, due to the potential substitution of fossil fuel by biogas, also from carbon storage in soil and inorganic fertilizer substitution through use of the digestate as a fertilizer.

Keywords

Global warming Sustainability Anaerobic digestion Greenhouse gases Organic wastes 

Notes

Aknowledgements

The authors of this chapter thank EU Program INTERREG V-A Spain-Portugal (POCTEP) 2014-2020 (Project number 0340-Symbiosis-3-E) and FEDER-INIA (RTA 2015-00060-C04-01) for financial support.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Cruz García-González
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Hernández
    • 1
  • Beatriz Molinuevo-Salces
    • 1
  • Berta Riaño
    • 1
  1. 1.Agriculture Technological Institute of Castilla y León (ITACyL)ValladolidSpain

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