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Rhizospheric Fungi: Diversity and Potential Biotechnological Applications

  • Subha Swaraj Pattnaik
  • Siddhardha Busi
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

In the soil ecosystem, plant-associated rhizosphere represents the most dynamic ecosystem providing a close association between plant root and rhizosphere-associated microbial communities. Among the microbiotas colonizing the rhizosphere, rhizospheric fungi hold prominent position but are less explored than that of rhizospheric bacteria. The majority of rhizospheric microbiota, especially rhizospheric fungi, constitutes a complex interface that utilizes the nutrients released by host plant and sets up a platform for the complex interaction between plant, soil, and inhabiting rhizospheric fungi for ecosystem functioning and environmental sustainability. Rhizospheric fungi exhibit a wide range of applications in the field of biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, industries (particularly textile and food processing industries), and agriculture for maintaining a stability of the ecosystem functioning and environmental sustainability. The advent of high-throughput molecular tools and next-generation strategies in genomics and proteomics such as metagenomics, metaproteomics, metatranscriptomics, and metabarcoding has revolutionized the complete understanding of the widespread potential of rhizospheric fungi. In addition, these advanced tools also provide an insight into the structure, function, and composition of rhizospheric fungi, their untapped ecosystem services to the welfare of human beings and environment, and widespread and untapped biological activities. The intervention of next-generation sequencing methods and chip-based technologies also seeks considerable attention from the scientific community for target-oriented exploration of rhizosphere-associated fungal community for the service of human healthcare system, industrial applications, ecosystem functioning, and environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Ecosystem Environment Hotspots Microbiome Plant growth promotion Rhizosphere 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors like to acknowledge Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India, for providing e-resources.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subha Swaraj Pattnaik
    • 1
  • Siddhardha Busi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologySchool of Life Sciences, Pondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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