Advertisement

Thermal Design and Optimization of Power Cycles

  • Vivek K. PatelEmail author
  • Vimal J. Savsani
  • Mohamed A. Tawhid
Chapter

Abstract

Power-generating cycles are used to produce mechanical energy from thermal energy. A part of the thermal energy is converted into mechanical energy, and the remaining thermal energy can either be used for other applications or rejected into the heat sink. The mechanical energy can then be converted into electric energy. In this chapter, thermal modeling of different power-generating cycles including the Rankine cycle, the Brayton cycle, the Braysson cycle, and the Kalina cycle is presented. The objective function for each of the power-generating cycles is derived from the thermal model. Optimization of a derived objective is performed by implementing 11 different metaheuristic algorithms for each power-generating cycle, and then the comparative results are tabulated and discussed.

References

  1. Açıkkalp E. (2017) ‘Performance analysis of irreversible molten carbonate fuel cell–Braysson heat engine with ecological objective approach’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 132, pp. 432–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agnew B., Anderson A., Potts I., Frost T.H. and Alabdoadaim M.A. (2003) ‘Simulation of combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles’, Applied thermal engineering, 23(8), pp. 953–963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmadi M.H., Ahmadi M.A., Pourfayaz F., Bidi M. and Açıkkalp E. (2016a) ‘Multi-objective optimization and exergetic-sustainability of an irreversible nano scale Braysson cycle operating with Maxwell–Boltzmann gas’, Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 55(2), pp. 1785–1798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmadi M.H., Ahmadi M.A., Shafaei A., Ashouri M. and Toghyani S. (2016b) ‘Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of the Atkinson engine by using NSGA-II’, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, vol. 11(3), pp. 317–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmadi P. and Dincer I. (2011a) ‘Thermodynamic analysis and thermoeconomic optimization of a dual pressure combined cycle power plant with a supplementary firing unit’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 52(5), pp. 2296–2308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ahmadi P. and Dincer I. (2011b) ‘Thermodynamic and exergoenvironmental analyses, and multi-objective optimization of a gas turbine power plant’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 31(14–15), pp. 2529–2540.Google Scholar
  7. Alabdoadaim M.A., Agnew B. and Potts I. (2006) ‘Performance analysis of combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles and developed configurations’, Applied thermal engineering, vol. 26(14–15), pp. 1448–1454.Google Scholar
  8. Aljundi I.H. (2009) ‘Energy and exergy analysis of a steam power plant in Jordan’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29(2–3), pp. 324–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Al-Sarkhi A., Akash B., Abu-Nada E. and Al-Hinti I. (2008) ‘Efficiency of Atkinson engine at maximum power density using temperature dependent specific heats’, Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, vol. 2(2).Google Scholar
  10. Ameri M., Ahmadi P. and Hamidi A. (2009) ‘Energy, exergy and exergoeconomic analysis of a steam power plant: a case study’, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 33(5), pp. 499–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Amin M. Elsafi (2015) ‘Exergy and exergoeconomic analysis of sustainable direct steam generation solar power plants’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 103, 338–347.Google Scholar
  12. Arslan O. (2011) ‘Power generation from medium temperature geothermal resources: ANN-based optimization of Kalina cycle system-34’, Energy, vol. 36(5), pp. 2528–2534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ashouri M., Vandani A.M.K., Mehrpooya M., Ahmadi M.H. and Abdollahpour A. (2015) ‘Techno-economic assessment of a Kalina cycle driven by a parabolic Trough solar collector’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 105, pp. 1328–1339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ataei A. and Yoo C. (2010) ‘Combined pinch and exergy analysis for energy efficiency optimization in a steam power plant’, International Journal of Physical Sciences, vol. 5(7), pp. 1110–1123.Google Scholar
  15. Barzegar Avval H., Ahmadi P., Ghaffarizadeh A.R. and Saidi M.H. (2011) ‘Thermo-economic-environmental multiobjective optimization of a gas turbine power plant with preheater using evolutionary algorithm’, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 35(5), pp. 389–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bekdemir Ş., Öztürk R. and Yumurtac Z. (2003) ‘Condenser optimization in steam power plant’, Journal of Thermal Science, vol. 12(2), pp. 176–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Besarati S.M., Atashkari K., Jamali A., Hajiloo A. and Nariman-Zadeh N. (2010) ‘Multi-objective thermodynamic optimization of combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles using genetic algorithms’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 51(1), pp. 212–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bombarda P., Invernizzi C.M. and Pietra C. (2010) ‘Heat recovery from Diesel engines: A thermodynamic comparison between Kalina and ORC cycles’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 30 (2–3), pp. 212–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Boyaghchi F.A. and Sabaghian M. (2016) ‘Multi objective optimisation of a Kalina power cycle integrated with parabolic trough solar collectors based on exergy and exergoeconomic concept’, International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 154–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cheddie D.F. (2011) ‘Thermo-economic optimization of an indirectly coupled solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine hybrid power plant’, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 36(2), pp. 1702–1709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chen L., Lin J., Sun F. and Wu C. (1998) ‘Efficiency of an Atkinson engine at maximum power density’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 39(3–4), pp. 337–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chen L., Ni D., Zhang Z. and Sun F. (2016) Exergetic performance optimization for new combined intercooled regenerative Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles. Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 102, pp. 447–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chen L., Zhang Z. and Sun F. (2012) ‘Thermodynamic modeling for open combined regenerative Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles with regeneration before the inverse cycle’, Entropy, vol. 14(1), pp. 58–73. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dincer I. and Al-Muslim H. (2001) ‘Thermodynamic analysis of reheat cycle steam power plants’, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 25(8), pp. 727–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dincer I., Rosen M.A. and Ahmadi P. (2017) ‘Modeling and Optimization of Power Plants’, Optimization of Energy Systems, pp. 275–316.Google Scholar
  26. Hajabdollahi, Z. Hajabdollahi, H. Hajabdollahi (2012) ‘Soft computing based multi objective optimization of steam cycle power plant using NSGA-II and ANN, Applied Soft Computing’, vol. 12, 3648–3655.Google Scholar
  27. Fallah M., Mahmoudi S.M.S., Yari M. and Ghiasi R.A. (2016) ‘Advanced exergy analysis of the Kalina cycle applied for low temperature enhanced geothermal system’, Energy conversion and management, vol. 108, pp. 190–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Frost T.H., Anderson A. and Agnew B. (1997) ‘A hybrid gas turbine cycle (Brayton/Ericsson): an alternative to conventional combined gas and steam turbine power plant’, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, vol. 211(2), pp. 121–131.Google Scholar
  29. Ganjehkaviri A., Jaafar M.M. and Hosseini S.E. (2015) ‘Optimization and the effect of steam turbine outlet quality on the output power of a combined cycle power plant’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 89, pp. 231–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ge Y., Chen L., Sun F. and Wu C. (2006) ‘Performance of an Atkinson cycle with heat transfer, friction and variable specific-heats of the working fluid’, Applied Energy, vol. 83(11), pp. 1210–1221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ghamami M., Fayazi Barjin A. and Behbahani S. (2016) ‘Performance Optimization of a Gas Turbine Power Plant Based on Energy and Exergy Analysis’, Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal, p. 29.Google Scholar
  32. Gonca G. and Sahin B. (2014) ‘Performance optimization of an air-standard irreversible Dual-Atkinson cycle engine based on the ecological coefficient of performance criterion’ The Scientific World Journal.Google Scholar
  33. Gonca G. (2016) ‘Performance analysis and optimization of irreversible Dual–Atkinson cycle engine (DACE) with heat transfer effects under maximum power and maximum power density conditions’, Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 40(13–14), pp. 6725–6736.Google Scholar
  34. Goodarzi M., Kiasat M. and Khalilidehkordi E. (2014) ‘Performance analysis of a modified regenerative Brayton and inverse Brayton cycle’, Energy, vol. 72, pp. 35–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hajabdollahi H., Ahmadi P. and Dincer I. (2011) ‘An exergy-based multi-objective optimization of a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) in a combined cycle power plant (CCPP) using evolutionary algorithm’, International Journal of Green Energy, vol. 8(1), pp. 44–64.Google Scholar
  36. Hajabdollahi F., Hajabdollahi Z. and Hajabdollahi H. (2012b). ‘Soft computing based multi-objective optimization of steam cycle power plant using NSGA-II and ANN’, Applied Soft Computing, vol. 12(11), pp. 3648–3655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Haseli Y. (2013) ‘Optimization of a regenerative Brayton cycle by maximization of a newly defined second law efficiency’, Energy conversion and management, vol. 68, pp. 133–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hou S.S. (2007) ‘Comparison of performances of air standard Atkinson and Otto cycles with heat transfer considerations’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 48(5), pp. 1683–1690.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kalina Alexander I. (2003) ‘New Binary Geothermal Power System’, International Geothermal Workshop, Geothermal Energy Society, Sochi, Russia.Google Scholar
  40. Kaviri A.G., Jaafar M.N.M., Lazim T.M. and Barzegaravval H. (2013) ‘Exergoenvironmental optimization of heat recovery steam generators in combined cycle power plant through energy and exergy analysis’, Energy conversion and management, vol. 67, pp. 27–33.Google Scholar
  41. Kumar R., Kaushik S.C., Kumar R. and Hans R. (2016) ‘Multi-objective thermodynamic optimization of an irreversible regenerative Brayton cycle using evolutionary algorithm and decision making’, Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 7(2), pp. 741–753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Li Y., Liao S. and Liu G., 2015. Thermo-economic multi-objective optimization for a solar-dish Brayton system using NSGA-II and decision making. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 64, pp. 167–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Luo X., Zhang B., Chen Y. and Mo S. (2013) ‘Operational planning optimization of steam power plants considering equipment failure in petrochemical complex’, Applied energy, vol. 112, pp. 1247–1264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. M. Topel, R. Guédez, B. Laumert (2015) ‘Impact of Increasing Steam Turbine Flexibility on the Annual Performance of a Direct Steam Generation Tower Power Plant’, Energy Procedia, vol. 69, 1171–1180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Modi A. and Haglind F. (2015) ‘Thermodynamic optimisation and analysis of four Kalina cycle layouts for high temperature applications’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 76, pp. 196–205.Google Scholar
  46. Modi A., Kærn M.R., Andreasen J.G. and Haglind F. (2016) ‘Thermoeconomic optimization of a Kalina cycle for a central receiver concentrating solar power plant’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 115, pp. 276–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Radcenco V., Vargas J.V.C. and Bejan A. (1998) ‘Thermodynamic optimization of a gas turbine power plant with pressure drop irreversibilities’, Journal of energy resources technology, vol. 120(3), pp. 233–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rao RV. and Patel V. (2012) ‘Multi-objective optimization of combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles using advanced optimization algorithms’, Engineering Optimization, vol. 44(8), pp. 965–983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. S. K. Abadi, M. H. Khoshgoftar Manesh, M. A. Rosen, M. Amidpour, M. H. Hamedi (2014) ‘Integration of a Gas Fired Steam Power Plant with a Total Site Utility Using a New Cogeneration Targeting Procedure’, Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 22, 455–468.Google Scholar
  50. Sadatsakkak S.A., Ahmadi M.H., Bayat R., Pourkiaei S.M. and Feidt M. (2015) ‘Optimization density power and thermal efficiency of an endoreversible Braysson cycle by using non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 93, pp. 31–39.Google Scholar
  51. Saffari H., Sadeghi S., Khoshzat M. and Mehregan P., (2016) ‘Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a geothermal Kalina cycle system using Artificial Bee Colony algorithm’ Renewable Energy, vol. 89, pp. 154–167.Google Scholar
  52. Seyyedi S.M., Ajam H. and Farahat S. (2010) ‘A new approach for optimization of thermal power plant based on the exergoeconomic analysis and structural optimization method: Application to the CGAM problem’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 51(11), pp. 2202–2211.Google Scholar
  53. Singh O.K. and Kaushik S.C. (2013) ‘Energy and exergy analysis and optimization of Kalina cycle coupled with a coal fired steam power plant’, Applied thermal engineering, vol. 51(1–2), pp. 787–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sun F., Zhou W., Ikegami Y., Nakagami K. and Su X., (2014) ‘Energy–exergy analysis and optimization of the solar-boosted Kalina cycle system 11 (KCS-11)’, Renewable Energy, vol. 66, pp. 268–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. T. Richert, K. Riffelmann, P. Nava (2015) ‘The Influence of Solar Field Inlet and Outlet Temperature on the Cost of Electricity in a Molten Salt Parabolic Trough Power Plant’, Energy Procedia, vol. 69, 1143–1151.Google Scholar
  56. Tangwe S., Simon M. and Meyer E. (2015) ‘An innovative optimization technique on performance efficiency verification in a coal thermal power plant unit’, In Industrial and Commercial Use of Energy (ICUE) pp. 325–331.Google Scholar
  57. Tyagi S.K., Zhou Y. and Chen J. (2004) ‘Optimum criteria on the performance of an irreversible Braysson heat engine based on the new thermoeconomic approach’, Entropy, vol. 6(2), pp. 244–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Üst Y. and Yilmaz T. (2005) ‘Performance analysis of an endoreversible Braysson cycle based on the ecological criterion’ Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, vol. 29(5), pp. 271–278.Google Scholar
  59. Ust Y., (2009) ‘A comparative performance analysis and optimization of the irreversible Atkinson cycle under maximum power density and maximum power conditions’, International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 30(3), pp. 1001–1013.Google Scholar
  60. Usvika R., Rifaldi M. and Noor A. (2009) ‘Energy and exergy analysis of kalina cycle system (KCS) 34 with mass fraction ammonia-water mixture variation’, Journal of mechanical science and technology, vol. 23(7), pp. 1871–1876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Valdés M., Durán M.D. and Rovira A. (2003) ‘Thermoeconomic optimization of combined cycle gas turbine power plants using genetic algorithms’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 23(17), pp. 2169–2182.Google Scholar
  62. Wang J., Yan Z., Zhou E. and Dai Y. (2013) ‘Parametric analysis and optimization of a Kalina cycle driven by solar energy’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 50(1), pp. 408–415.Google Scholar
  63. Wang P.Y. and Hou S.S. (2005) ‘Performance analysis and comparison of an Atkinson cycle coupled to variable temperature heat reservoirs under maximum power and maximum power density conditions’, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 46(15–16), pp. 2637–2655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wu L., Lin G. and Chen J. (2010) ‘Parametric optimization of a solar-driven Braysson heat engine with variable heat capacity of the working fluid and radiation–convection heat losses’, Renewable Energy, vol. 35(1), pp. 95–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. X. Wu, J. Shen, Y. Li, K. Y. Lee (2015) ‘Fuzzy modelling and predictive control of super heater steam temperature for power plant’, ISA Transactions, vol. 56, 241–251.Google Scholar
  66. Zhang W., Chen L. and Sun F. (2008) ‘Power and efficiency optimization for combined Brayton and two parallel inverse Brayton cycles. Part 2: performance optimization’, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, vol. 222(3), pp. 405–413.Google Scholar
  67. Zhang W., Chen L. and Sun F. (2009) ‘Power and efficiency optimization for combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles’, Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29(14–15), pp. 2885–2894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zhang W., Chen L., Sun F. and Wu C. (2007) ‘Second-law analysis and optimisation for combined Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles’, International Journal of Ambient Energy, vol. 28(1), pp. 15–26.Google Scholar
  69. Zhang W., Chen L., Sun F. and Wu C. (2009) ‘Second law analysis and parametric study for combined Brayton and two parallel inverse Brayton cycles’, International Journal of Ambient Energy, vol. 30(4), pp. 179–192.Google Scholar
  70. Zhang Z, Chen L, and Sun F. (2012) Energy performance optimization of combined Brayton and two parallel inverse Brayton cycles with regeneration before the inverse cycles. Scientia Iranica, vol. 19(5), pp. 1279–1287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zhang Z., Chen L. and Sun F. (2014) ‘Performance optimisation for two classes of combined regenerative Brayton and inverse Brayton cycles’, International Journal of Sustainable Energy, vol. 33(4), pp. 723–741.Google Scholar
  72. Zhao J. and Xu M. (2013) ‘Fuel economy optimization of an Atkinson cycle engine using genetic algorithm’, Applied Energy, vol. 105, pp. 335–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Zhao J., Xu M., Li M., Wang B. and Liu S., (2012) ‘Design and optimization of an Atkinson cycle engine with the Artificial Neural Network Method’, Applied energy, vol. 92, pp. 492–502.Google Scholar
  74. Zhao Y. and Chen J. (2006) ‘Performance analysis and parametric optimum criteria of an irreversible Atkinson heat-engine’, Applied Energy, vol. 83(8), pp. 789–800.Google Scholar
  75. Zheng J., Chen L., Sun F. and Wu C. (2002a) ‘Powers and efficiency performance of an endoreversible Braysson cycle’, International journal of thermal sciences, vol. 41(2), pp. 201–205.Google Scholar
  76. Zheng J., Sun F., Chen L. and Wu C. (2001) ‘Exergy analysis for a Braysson cycle’, Exergy, an International journal, vol. 1(1), pp. 41–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Zheng S., Chen J. and Lin G. (2005) ‘Performance characteristics of an irreversible solar-driven Braysson heat engine at maximum efficiency’, Renewable Energy, vol. 30(4), pp. 601–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Zheng T., Chen L., Sun F. and Wu C. (2002b) ‘Power, power density and efficiency optimization of an endoreversible Braysson cycle’, Exergy, an International Journal, vol. 2(4), pp. 380–386.Google Scholar
  79. Zhou Y., Tyagi S.K. and Chen J. (2004) ‘Performance analysis and optimum criteria of an irreversible Braysson heat engine’, International journal of thermal sciences, vol. 43(11).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivek K. Patel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vimal J. Savsani
    • 2
  • Mohamed A. Tawhid
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of TechnologyPandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityRaisan, GandhinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityRaisan, GandhinagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsThompson Rivers UniversityKamloopsCanada

Personalised recommendations