The Changing Face of HIV

  • Marshall J. GlesbyEmail author
  • Merle Myerson


The face of HIV has changed drastically since the unusual infections were initially reported in young, gay men in the early 1980s. Key to this was the identification of the human immunodeficiency virus and development and evolution of antiretroviral therapy.

As a result, death from HIV was no longer inevitable, and patients are now often able to live productive and disease-free lives. Many are living full lives and to ages similar to the general population.

However, now in the age of viral suppression, there are new problems that impact on the health and quality of life of patients infected with HIV. Diseases of aging have become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Cardiovascular disease and cancer are becoming more common in these patients. It is important for the clinician to become familiar with diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disease and perhaps even more important—recognizing and treating risk factors that result in manifest cardiovascular disease.


Epidemiology Antiretroviral therapy Cardiovascular disease HIV 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiology, Bassett Medical CenterBassett Research Institute, Center for Clinical ResearchCooperstownUSA

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