Nutrition and Hydration provides evidence-based information regarding nutrition and hydration for physical sports and their benefits as well as recommendation to prevent nutrition deficits, low performance during the sports exercises and recovery, and health risks.
The amount of food intake throughout the day must provide to athlete’s adequate proportion of macro- and micronutrients according to the timing and exercise type. All athletes should adopt specific nutritional strategies before, during, and after training and competition.
Macronutrients are carbohydrates, protein, and fat which are important for athletes’ nutrition to keep performance up, avoid fatigue and associated injuries, maintain immune function, prevent overtraining, and achieve goals. Vitamins and mineral are micronutrients that are essential for the metabolism and athletes’ performance.
Athletes usually need to hydrate before, during, and after exercise. The main goal of hydration is optimized performance, prevention of metabolic strain, and thermoregulation during exercise.
The aspects related to nutrition and hydration in sports will be discussed for the main categories of sports: endurance and resistance training.
KeywordsNutrition Hydration Endurance training Resistance training Carbohydrates Protein Fat Vitamins and mineral
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