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Pre-participation Evaluation in Sports Practice

  • Sérgio Rocha PiedadeEmail author
  • Daniel Miranda Ferreira
  • Mario Ferreti Filho
  • Rodrigo Kallas Zogiab
  • Ivan Córcoles Martínez
  • Vitaliy Zayats
  • Philippe Neyret
Chapter

Abstract

Since ancient times, sports practice is well-recognized as a health-promoting activity as it may act to improving our biological reserve. Sports practice is not an injury-free activity, and a clear example of that is sudden cardiac arrest, one of the most overwhelming events in sports practice, which could signal the first clinical presentation of an underlying cardiovascular disease. However, different aspects should be taken into account before permitting athlete’s sports participation such as the modality of sports, athletes’ biology and physical conditions, age, gender, presence of chronic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, heart disease), overweight, previous injuries, neurological disorders, psychological distress, as well as any physical impairment. All of these aspects reinforce the vital role of pre-participation evaluation in sports practice. This chapter lays out and discusses elements involved in PPE and particularities related to different athletes’ population according to their gender, age (childhood and adolescence, adulthood and old age), and level of sports practice (recreational, disabled, and professional athletes).

Keywords

Sports medicine Death Sudden Cardiac Athletic injuries Behavioral medicine Chronic disease 

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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sérgio Rocha Piedade
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Miranda Ferreira
    • 2
  • Mario Ferreti Filho
    • 3
  • Rodrigo Kallas Zogiab
    • 1
  • Ivan Córcoles Martínez
    • 4
  • Vitaliy Zayats
    • 5
  • Philippe Neyret
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyState University of Campinas—UNICAMP, Exercise and Sports MedicineCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyState University of Campinas—UNICAMP, Exercise and Sports MedicineCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyUNIFESPSao PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Hospital Universitario Joan XXII de TarragonaCataluñaSpain
  5. 5.Trauma and Orthopedic DepartmentPavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical UniversityPetersburgRussia
  6. 6.University Lyon 1LyonFrance

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