Green Approach: Microbes for Removal of Dyes and Metals via Ion Binding

  • Adeline Su Yien TingEmail author


Metal ions and organic dyes are common pollutants in the environment. These are toxic to living organisms and the environment. Removal strategies using biological agents have been attempted, with many of these successfully performed by a variety of micro-organisms. The use of micro-organisms is aligned to the green approach, as micro-organisms are capable of biosorbing, bioaccumulating and/or biodegrading the pollutants. This approach is environmentally friendly and sustainable, as readily available biological resources are utilized to convert harmful pollutants into less hazardous forms. In this chapter, the microbes for removal of organic dyes and metal pollutants are discussed, along with their mechanisms involved. Innovations to enhance the removal of dyes and metal ions are also presented.


Bioremediation Dyes Green technology Ion binding Toxic metals 



The author is thankful for the research funding provided by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education under the FRGS grant scheme (FRGS/2/2013/STWN01/MUSM/02/2) and to Monash University Malaysia for the funds and research facility, also to her team of research students and collaborators for their equally passionate endeavour into studies related to microbial-based strategies for pollutant removal.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ScienceMonash University MalaysiaBandar SunwayMalaysia

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