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Metal Oxide Nanostructured Materials for Water Treatment: Prospectives and Challenges

  • Sayfa Bano
  • Saima Sultana
  • Suhail Sabir
Chapter

Abstract

Water being scarce is worth saving. The water contamination and pollution are increasing at greater pace posing serious threats to the ecosystem. However, the problem of water contamination has been solved upto much extent with the development and advancement in field of nanotechnology. Several modified and doped metal oxide nanostructured materials are used in water purification. These materials are synthesized by various techniques like hydrothermal synthesis, chemical vapour deposition method, sol gel method to obtain various types of materials possessing different properties which are immensely useful at nanoscale level due to their large surface area to volume ratio, band gap tunability along with high catalytic activity. Various characterisation techniques like X-ray Diffraction, Fourier Transform –Infra-Red spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy are needed to ensure the formation of metal oxide nanostructured materials. These metal oxide nanostructured materials are inevitably helpful in the form of catalyst for removal and purification of wastewater (like dyes and organic pollutants, inorganic materials) discharged from different industries by methods like photocatalysis, adsorption techniques, ion exchange process, disinfection process and electrochemical techniques for simultaneous heavy metal separation and detection.

Keywords

Nanostructured metal oxides Hydrothermal method Photocatalysis Adsorption method Disinfection process Sensors 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are thankful to Aligarh Muslim University for providing necessary research facilities. SS thanked UPCST (CST/223) for providing financial support to carry out the work.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sayfa Bano
    • 1
  • Saima Sultana
    • 1
  • Suhail Sabir
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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