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Bioremediation of Oil-Spills from ShoreLine Environment

  • Ranju Sharma
  • Ngangbam Sarat Singh
  • Neha Dhingra
  • Talat Parween
Chapter

Abstract

In the present day society, we are in great need of petroleum hydrocarbons for our energy need. In spite of recent advance technologies, crude oil accidental spill occurs at constant rate during its extraction, transportation, storage, refining, and distribution. Marine shorelines are essential ecological and human resources that serve as a home of a variety of wildlife habitat. Marine oil spill causes extensive damage to coastal marine environments. Unlike, higher organisms that are adversely affected by oil spill, specific microorganisms are capable of degrading these hydrocarbons into the non-toxic compound and mineralize them. They play an essential role in the bioremediation of oil spill and reduce the overall impact of the oil spill disaster. Microbial bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons is a useful approach and have been used practically in recent years. In this chapter, we studied various factors responsible for the oil spill disaster, its ill effect and ways to overcome these effects. We also explored the importance of bioremediation technique over the traditional methods.

Keywords

Oil-spill Bioremediation Bio-augmentation Biodegradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ranju Sharma
    • 1
  • Ngangbam Sarat Singh
    • 2
  • Neha Dhingra
    • 3
  • Talat Parween
    • 4
  1. 1.Indian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.University of Delhi to Department of Zoology, Dr. SRK Government Arts CollegeYanamIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of BioscienceJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia

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