Advertisement

Removal and Recovery of Heavy Metal Ions Using Natural Adsorbents

  • Amjad Mumtaz Khan
  • Sajad Ahmad Ganai
Chapter

Abstract

Now a day’s heavy metal pollution has become a serious environmental problem. The presence of heavy metal ions is a major problem due to their toxicity to many life forms on this planet. Therefore the removal of heavy metals from the environment is of special concern due to their persistence. During these days natural adsorbents are most frequently studied and widely applied for the metal contaminated water. Adsorption processes are being widely used by various researchers for the removal of heavy metals from the waste streams. The need for the safe and economical methods for the elimination of heavy metals from contaminated waters has developed the interest of researchers towards the production of low cost adsorbents. Therefore there is an urgent need that all possible sources of agro-based inexpensive adsorbents should be explored and their role for the removal of heavy metals should be studied in detail.

Keywords

Adsorbents Adsorption Agro-based Heavy metals Toxicity Environment 

References

  1. Ahluwalia SS, Goyal D (2005) Removal of heavy metals by waste tea leaves from aqueous solution. Eng Life Sci 5(2):158–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ajjabi LC, Chouba L (2009) Biosorption of Cu2+ and Zn2+ from aqueous solutions by dried marine green macroalga charctomorpha linum. J Environ Manag 90(11):3485–3489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Annaduroi G, Juang RS, Lee DJ (2003) Adsorption of heavy metals from water using banana & orange peels. Water Sci Technol 47(1):185–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Awwad NS, El-Zahhar AA, Founda AM, Ibrahim HA (2013) Removal of heavy metal ions from ground water and surface water samples using carbons derived from date pits. J Environ Chem Eng 1(3):416–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batabyal D, Sahu A, Chaudhuri SK (1995) Kinetics and mechanism of removal of 2,4- dimethyl phenol from aqueous solutions with coal fly ash. Sep Technol 5(4):179–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bayat B (2002a) Combined removal of Zinc (II) and cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by adsoption onto high-calcium Turkish fly ash. Water Air Soil Pollut 136(1–4):69–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bayat B (2002b) Comparative study of adsorption properties of Turkish fly ashes: I. the case of nickel (II), Copper (II) and Zinc (II). J Hazard Mater 95(3):251–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bhattacharya AK, Mandal SN, Das SK (2006) Adsorption of Zn (II) from aqueous solution by using different adsorbents. Chem Eng J 123(1–2):43–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chuoh TG, Jumosiah A, Azmi I, Katayan S, Thomas Choong SY (2005) Rice husk as a potential low-cost biosorbent for heavy metal and dye removal: an overview. Desalination 175(3):305–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. J Environ Manag 92(3):407–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gangoli N, Markey D, Thodas G (1975) Removal of heavy metal ions, from aqueous solutions with fly ash. In: Proceedings of the national conference on complete water use, Chicago, IL, USA, pp 270–275Google Scholar
  12. Gupta VK, Ali I (2000) Utilization of bagasses fly ash (a sugar industry waste) for the removal of copper and zinc from waste water. Sep Purif Technol 18(2):131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gupta VK, Sharma S (2003) Removal of Zinc from aqueous solutions using message fly ash a low cost adsorbent. Ind Eng Chem Res 42(25):6619–6624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Johnson PD, Watson MA, Brown J, Jefcoat IA (2002) Peanut hull pellets as a single use sorbent for the capture of cu (II) form wastewaer. Waste Manag 22(5):471–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar U, Bandyopadhyay M (2006) Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution using pretreated rice husk. Bioresour Technol 97(1):104–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mata YN, Blazquez ML, Ballester A, Gonzalez F, Munoz JA (2009) Sugar-beet pulp pectin gels as biosorbent for heavy metals: preparation and determination of biosorption and desorption characteristics. Chem Eng J 150(2–3):289–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Montanher SF, Oliveira EA, Rollemberg MC (2005) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions by sorption onto rice bran. J Hazard Mater 117(2–3):207–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nasernejad B, Zadeh TE, Pour BB, Bygi ME, Zamani A (2005) Comparison for biosorption modeling of heavy metals from waste water by carrot residues. Process Biochem 40(3–4):1319–1322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Park HJ, Jeong SW, Yang JK, Kim BG, Lee SM (2007) Removal of heavy metals using waste egg shells. J Environ Sci 19(12):1436–1441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Saeed A, Akhtar MW, Iqbal M (2005a) Removal and recovery of heavy metals from aqueous solution using papaya wood as a new biosorbent. Sep Purif Technol 45(1):25–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Saeed A, Iqbal M, Akhtar MW (2005b) Removal and recovery of lead (II) from single and multimetal (Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn) solutions by crop milling waste (black gram husk). J Hazard Mater 117(1):65–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schiewer S, Patil SB (2008) Modeling the effect of PH on biosorption of heavy metals by citrus peals. J Hazard Mater 157(1):8–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sciban M, Klasnja M, Skrbic B (2006) Modified hardwood sawdust as adsorbent of heavy metal ions from water. Wood Sci Technol 40(3):217–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amjad Mumtaz Khan
    • 1
  • Sajad Ahmad Ganai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNIT Sri NagarKashmirIndia

Personalised recommendations