Trends in Thermochemical Techniques of Boriding

  • Michal KulkaEmail author
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


All the specified thermochemical techniques of boriding in solid, liquid and gaseous media were characterized and compared in this chapter based on the available literature data. The technological aspects of boriding processes were analyzed, taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of each method. The effects of the boriding techniques on the microstructure of borided materials have been indicated. The mechanism of formation of active boron atoms was described. Some issues of the thermodynamics of gas boriding were analyzed. The chemical techniques of boriding were divided into the three groups: boriding in solid media, boriding in liquid media and boriding in gaseous media (see Fig.  2.1). Due to the need of using the elevated temperature during these processes, they were usually recognized as thermochemical techniques. In the present work, the most intensively developed techniques, put in the boxes drawn in a broken line in Fig.  2.1, were described in more detail, taking into account the current trends in boriding. Therefore, the most attention in this chapter was devoted to the powder-pack processes, electrochemical boronizing in borax as well as to the gas boronizing with the use of boron halides or boranes.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Materials Science and EngineeringPoznań University of TechnologyPoznańPoland

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