The Characterizations of Hydrogen from Steam Reforming of Bio-Oil Model Compound in Granulated Blast Furnace Slag

  • Xin Yao
  • Qingbo YuEmail author
  • Guowei Xu
  • Qin Qin
  • Ziwen Yan
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The purpose of this research investigating the characterizations of steam reforming of bio-oil model compound in granulated BF (blast furnace) slag was to recover waste heat and obtain hydrogen. The results indicated that hydrogen yield and hydrogen fraction first increased and then decreased with the increase of temperature. When S/C increased, hydrogen yield and hydrogen fraction increased. But they decreased with the increasing LHSV. Hydrogen yield and hydrogen fraction were 1.68 m3 per kg of bio-oil model compound and 65.39% at the optimum condition with the temperature, S/C and LHSV reaching 750 °C, 9, and 0.9 h−1, respectively. Granulated BF slag containing metallic oxides as CaO and Fe2O3 could promote hydrogen yield and hydrogen fraction, so it was regarded as an excellent heat carrier for the reaction of steam reforming of bio-oil model compound.


Hydrogen Steam reforming Bio-oil model compound Granulated blast furnace slag Heat recovery 



This research was supported by the Major State Research Development Program of China (2017YFB0603603), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51576035), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N172504019), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51604077), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51704071), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N170204016).


  1. 1.
    Doranehgard MH, Samadyar H, Mesbah M, Haratipour P, Samiezade S (2017) High-purity hydrogen production with in situ CO2 capture based on biomass gasification. Fuel 202:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ni M, Leung DYC, Leung MKH, Sumathy K (2006) An overview of hydrogen production from biomass. Fuel Process Technol 87(5):461–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang DN, Czernik S, Chornet E (1998) production of hydrogen from biomass by catalytic steam reforming of fast pyrolysis oils. Energy Fuels 12(1):19–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Zuo Z, Han Z, Yao X, Qin Q (2016) Hydrogen production via sorption-enhanced catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Int J Hydrogen Energy 41(4):2345–2353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yao X, Yu Q, Wang K, Xie H, Qin Q (2018) Kinetic study on recovery heat of granulated blast-furnace slag through biomass gasification using CO2 as gasification agent. J Therm Anal Calorim 131(2):1313–1321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu J, Yu Q, Duan W, Qin Q (2015) Experimental investigation of glass content of blast furnace slag by dry granulation. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 34(2):485–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu J, Yu Q, Zuo Z, Yang F, Duan W, Qin Q (2017) Blast furnace slag obtained from dry granulation method as a component in slag cement. Constr Build Mater 131:381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Luo S, Zhou Y, Yi C (2012) Hydrogen-rich gas production from biomass catalytic gasification using hot blast furnace slag as heat carrier and catalyst in moving-bed reactor. Int J Hydrogen Energy 37(20):15081–15085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li P, Yu Q, Xie H, Qin Q, Wang K (2013) CO2 gasification rate analysis of Datong coal using slag granules as heat carrier for heat recovery from blast furnace slag by using a chemical reaction. Energy Fuels 27(8):4810–4817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yao X, Yu Q, Wang K, Xie H, Qin Q (2017) Kinetic characterizations of biomass char CO2-gasification reaction within granulated blast furnace slag. Int J Hydrogen Energy 42(32):20520–20528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luo S, Feng Y (2017) The production of fuel oil and combustible gas by catalytic pyrolysis of waste tire using waste heat of blast-furnace slag. Energy Convers Manage 136:27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sun Y, Zhang Z, Liu L, Wang X (2015) Integrated carbon dioxide/sludge gasification using waste heat from hot slags: syngas production and sulfur dioxide fixation. Bioresour Technol 181:174–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Wei M, Duan W, Yao X, Qin Q, Zuo Z (2015) Hydrogen production from steam reforming of simulated bio-oil over Ce–Ni/Co catalyst with in continuous CO2 capture. Int J Hydrogen Energy 40(3):1420–1428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Wang K, Shi X, Li X (2014) Thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production from model compounds of bio-oil through steam reforming. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 33(3):1008–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yao X, Yu Q, Xie H, Duan W, Han Z, Liu S, Qin Q (2017) Syngas production through biomass/CO2 gasification using granulated blast furnace slag as heat carrier. J Renew Sustain Energy 9(5):053101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Luo S, Feng Y (2016) The production of hydrogen-rich gas by wet sludge pyrolysis using waste heat from blast-furnace slag. Energy 113:845–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Yao
    • 1
  • Qingbo Yu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Guowei Xu
    • 1
  • Qin Qin
    • 1
  • Ziwen Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Northeastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations