Advertisement

Healthy Aging pp 275-282 | Cite as

Sleep and Healthy Aging

  • Eric Trieu
  • Cathy Alessi
Chapter

Abstract

Sleep is essential to human functioning. This chapter will touch on aspects of healthy sleep, including changes in sleep that occur with aging, and conditions that can impair sleep. Interventions to improve and maintain sleep quality will also be discussed.

Keywords

Sleep Sleep disorders Aging Healthy aging Circadian rhythm Elderly 

References

  1. 1.
    Carskadon M, Dement W. Normal human sleep: an overview. In: Principles and practice of sleep medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2010.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Luyster FS, Strollo PJ, Zee PC, Walsh JK. Sleep: a health imperative. Sleep. 2012;35(6):727–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fogel SM, Smith CT. The function of the sleep spindle: a physiological index of intelligence and a mechanism for sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2011;35(5):1154–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ohayon MM, Carskadon MA, Guilleminault C, Vitiello MV. Meta-analysis of quantitative sleep parameters from childhood to old age in healthy individuals: developing normative sleep values across the human lifespan. Sleep. 2004;27(7):1255–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mander BA, Winer JR, Walker MP. Sleep and human aging. Neuron. 2017;94(1):19–36.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Borbély AA, Daan S, Wirz-Justice A, Deboer T. The two-process model of sleep regulation: a reappraisal. J Sleep Res. 2016;25(2):131–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dibner C, Schibler U, Albrecht U. The mammalian circadian timing system: organization and coordination of central and peripheral clocks. Annu Rev Physiol. 2010;72:517–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Durgan DJ, Young ME. The cardiomyocyte circadian clock: emerging roles in health and disease. Circ Res. 2010;106(4):647–58.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hardeland R, Cardinali DP, Srinivasan V, Spence DW, Brown GM, Pandi-Perumal SR. Melatonin—A pleiotropic, orchestrating regulator molecule. Prog Neurobiol. 2011;93(3):350–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zepelin H, McDonald CS, Zammit GK. Effects of age on auditory awakening thresholds. J Gerontol. 1984;39(3):294–300.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Foley DJ, Vitiello MV, Bliwise DL, Ancoli-Israel S, Monjan AA, Walsh JK. Frequent napping is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness, depression, pain, and nocturia in older adults: findings from the National Sleep Foundation ‘2003 Sleep in America’Poll. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007;15(4):344–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Foley DJ, Monjan AA, Brown SL, Simonsick EM, Wallace RB, Blazer DG. Sleep complaints among elderly persons: an epidemiologic study of three communities. Sleep. 1995;18(6):425–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Neikrug AB, Ancoli-Israel S. Sleep disorders in the older adult–a mini-review. Gerontology. 2010;56(2):181–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vitiello MV. Recent advances in understanding sleep and sleep disturbances in older adults: growing older does not mean sleeping poorly. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2009;18(6):316–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Qiu C, Kivipelto M, von Strauss E. Epidemiology of Alzheimer’s disease: occurrence, determinants, and strategies toward intervention. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2009;11(2):111.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee DR, Thomas AJ. Sleep in dementia and caregiving–assessment and treatment implications: a review. Int Psychogeriatr. 2011;23(2):190–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mander BA, Winer JR, Jagust WJ, Walker MP. Sleep: a novel mechanistic pathway, biomarker, and treatment target in the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease? Trends Neurosci. 2016;39(8):552–66.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liguori C, Romigi A, Nuccetelli M, Zannino S, Sancesario G, Martorana A, Albanese M, Mercuri NB, Izzi F, Bernardini S, Nitti A. Orexinergic system dysregulation, sleep impairment, and cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. JAMA Neurol. 2014;71(12):1498–505.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lim AS, Kowgier M, Yu L, Buchman AS, Bennett DA. Sleep fragmentation and the risk of incident Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline in older persons. Sleep. 2013;36(7):1027–32.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Canevelli M, Valletta M, Trebbastoni A, Sarli G, D’Antonio F, Tariciotti L, de Lena C, Bruno G. Sundowning in dementia: Clinical relevance, pathophysiological determinants, and therapeutic approaches. Front Med. 2016;3:73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Scullin MK, Bliwise DL. Sleep, cognition, and normal aging: integrating a half century of multidisciplinary research. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2015;10(1):97–137.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Attarian HP, Schuman C, editors. Clinical handbook of insomnia: Springer; Switzerland 2016.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Murphy MJ, Peterson MJ. Sleep disturbances in depression. Sleep Med Clin. 2015;10(1):17–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Smagula SF, Stone KL, Fabio A, Cauley JA. Risk factors for sleep disturbances in older adults: evidence from prospective studies. Sleep Med Rev. 2016;25:21–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Irwin MR. Why sleep is important for health: a psychoneuroimmunology perspective. Annu Rev Psychol. 2015;66:143–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Czeisler CA. Duration, timing and quality of sleep are each vital for health, performance and safety. Sleep Health: J Natl Sleep Found. 2015;1(1):5–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Deng HB, Tam T, Zee BC, Chung RY, Su X, Jin L, Chan TC, Chang LY, Yeoh EK, Lao XQ. Short sleep duration increases metabolic impact in healthy adults: a population-based cohort study. Sleep. 2017;40(10).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ryden A, Alessi C. Sleep disorders. In: Hazzard’s geriatric medicine and gerontology. 7th ed. New York: Mc-Graw Hill Education/Medical; 2016. p. 733–52.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Banks S, Dinges DF. Behavioral and physiological consequences of sleep restriction. J Clin Sleep Med: JCSM. 2007;3(5):519.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Stutts JC, Wilkins JW, Osberg JS, Vaughn BV. Driver risk factors for sleep-related crashes. Accid Anal Prev. 2003;35(3):321–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Philibert I. Sleep loss and performance in residents and nonphysicians: a meta-analytic examination. Sleep. 2005;28(11):1392–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Brassington GS, King AC, Bliwise DL. Sleep problems as a risk factor for falls in a sample of community-dwelling adults aged 64–99 years. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48(10):1234–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Grandner MA, Hale L, Moore M, Patel NP. Mortality associated with short sleep duration: the evidence, the possible mechanisms, and the future. Sleep Med Rev. 2010;14(3):191–203.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Krueger JM, Frank MG, Wisor JP, Roy S. Sleep function: toward elucidating an enigma. Sleep Med Rev. 2016;28:46–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, Hazen N, Herman J, Katz ES, Kheirandish-Gozal L, Neubauer DN. National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Health: J Natl Sleep Found. 2015;1(1):40–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Consensus Conference Panel, Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C. Joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society on the recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult: methodology and discussion. Sleep. 2015;38(8):1161–83.PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Stepanski EJ, Wyatt JK. Use of sleep hygiene in the treatment of insomnia. Sleep Med Rev. 2003;7(3):215–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Baron K, Perlis M. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia. In: Clinical handbook of insomnia. Cham: Springer; 2017. p. 75–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    King AC, Oman RF, Brassington GS, Bliwise DL, Haskell WL. Moderate-intensity exercise and self-rated quality of sleep in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1997;277(1):32–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bonardi JM, Lima LG, Campos GO, Bertani RF, Moriguti JC, Ferriolli E, Lima NK. Effect of different types of exercise on sleep quality of elderly subjects. Sleep Med. 2016;25:122–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Benloucif S, Orbeta L, Ortiz R, Janssen I, Finkel SI, Bleiberg J, Zee PC. Morning or evening activity improves neuropsychological performance and subjective sleep quality in older adults. Sleep. 2004;27(8):1542–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Li F, Fisher KJ, Harmer P, Irbe D, Tearse RG, Tai WC. Chi and self-rated quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004;52(6):892–900.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Lan CC, Huang HC, Yang MC, Lee CH, Huang CY, Wu YK. Pulmonary rehabilitation improves subjective sleep quality in COPD. Respir Care. 2014;59(10):1569–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Black DS, O’Reilly GA, Olmstead R, Breen EC, Irwin MR. Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(4):494–501.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Alessi CA, Martin JL, Webber AP, Cynthia Kim E, Harker JO, Josephson KR. Randomized, controlled trial of a nonpharmacological intervention to improve abnormal sleep/wake patterns in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005;53(5):803–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wright KP, Bogan RK, Wyatt JK. Shift work and the assessment and management of shift work disorder (SWD). Sleep Med Rev. 2013;17(1):41–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Bibbins-Domingo K, Grossman DC, Curry SJ, Davidson KW, Epling JW, Garcia FA, Herzstein J, Kemper AR, Krist AH, Kurth AE, Landefeld CS. Screening for obstructive sleep apnea in adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2017;317(4):407–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Miller JN, Berger AM. Screening and assessment for obstructive sleep apnea in primary care. Sleep Med Rev. 2016;29:41–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Omachi TA. Measures of sleep in rheumatologic diseases: Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Functional Outcome of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Arthritis Care Res. 2011;63(S11):1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Luyster FS, Choi J, Yeh CH, Imes CC, Johansson AE, Chasens ER. Screening and evaluation tools for sleep disorders in older adults. Appl Nurs Res. 2015;28(4):334–40.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Mitchell MD, Gehrman P, Perlis M, Umscheid CA. Comparative effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia: a systematic review. BMC Fam Pract. 2012;13(1):40.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Schroeck JL, Ford J, Conway EL, Kurtzhalts KE, Gee ME, Vollmer KA, Mergenhagen KA. Review of safety and efficacy of sleep medicines in older adults. Clin Ther. 2016;38(11):2340–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Airagnes G, Pelissolo A, Lavallée M, Flament M, Limosin F. Benzodiazepine misuse in the elderly: risk factors, consequences, and management. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016;18(10):89.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Martin P, Tamblyn R, Ahmed S, Tannenbaum C. A drug education tool developed for older adults changes knowledge, beliefs and risk perceptions about inappropriate benzodiazepine prescriptions in the elderly. Patient Educ Couns. 2013;92(1):81–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Trieu
    • 1
  • Cathy Alessi
    • 2
  1. 1.Multicampus Program in Geriatric Medicine and GerontologyVA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center (GRECC)VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations