Case Number 20

  • Asaf Goldschmidt
Part of the Archimedes book series (ARIM, volume 54)


This case record is probably one of the shortest in Xu’s collection. It is unclear why he provides so few details. It may be due to the fact that he uses it to educate his readers about two syndromes with similar prominent symptoms but with different pathologies. The main symptom is hypertonicity of the neck and discomfort when looking up and down, as if the neck were forcibly stretched, a condition more severe than simple stiffness and pain in the neck. The two syndromes with this major symptom are discussed in the Treatise and associated with two distinct pathologies and treatments, neither of which is what the other doctor in the case prescribed. In addition to exemplifying a common incorrect treatment, Xu shows the readers the correct differential diagnosis and therapy.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Asaf Goldschmidt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of East Asian StudiesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Visiting ProfessorRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

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