Types, Processes and Outputs of Formal Urban Governance in Jayapura

  • Ninik SuhartiniEmail author
  • Paul Jones
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This chapter explains the types, processes and outputs of the formal governance system in Jayapura so as to accommodate basic urban service demands of a diverse mix of urban residents. This chapter discusses formal urban governance as applied in Jayapura, namely, the concurrent spatial, development and sectoral planning processes and the influence they have in respect of the differing provision of basic urban services for housing, water and sanitation. The analysis of planning documents reveals that structures, processes and stakeholders involved in the urban planning and development process in Jayapura are provided for by laws and regulations at both national and regional levels and nuanced to some degree at the local level. Law 26 of 2007, namely, Spatial Management, regulates the types of involvement of different stakeholders in terms of spatial planning, implementation and control. Law 25 of 2004 regarding the National Development Planning System regulates the types of involvement of different stakeholders in development planning, implementation and monitoring and supervision. What emerges is complex formal urban governance arrangements strongly defined by the structures and guidelines as enacted in the prevailing framework of laws and regulations. This results in plans and policies which have different roles and outputs for certain segments of the population, which results in different levels of ‘equity’ and ‘accessibility’ in basic service provision across the urban population. Formal planning conducted in Jayapura therefore addresses different interest groups and their needs, and involves some stakeholders, not all.


Types Processes Outputs Formal urban governance Spatial Development and sectoral planning 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Architecture, Planning and Policy DevelopmentInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.School of Architecture, Design and PlanningThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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