• Ninik SuhartiniEmail author
  • Paul Jones
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This chapter sets the scene for the main narrative of the book which is to explore the arrangement and effectiveness of urban governance in small to medium and mid-sized towns in providing basic infrastructure and services such as housing, clean water, and sanitation. Set against a background of rapid urbanization in developing countries, a range of mechanisms to meet basic urban service provision are recognized and accommodated by formal systems. However, many informal settlements remain neglected in formal service provision as they are considered illegal, unplanned and or do not accord with the ‘modern’ vision for city development. On the other hand, in some contexts, local government does not have adequate capacity to provide services. In this setting, the chapter sets out four research questions which are based around assessing the implications of various forms of governance in providing basic urban services and their contribution towards improving systems of urban planning, management and their outcomes. The core focus of the research centers on how basic urban services are provided to the population, especially those living their lives in settlements designated as informal settlements. The case study is Jayapura, the capital of Papua Province, Indonesia, a growing mid-sized city experiencing rapid growth, especially in informal settlements. The research methods, including examining primary and secondary data on urban governance as well as the case study design, are summarized in this chapter.


Urbanization Urban governance Research questions Methods Case study 


  1. Bakker K, Kooy M, Shofiani NE, Martijn E-J (2008) Governance failure: rethinking the institutional dimensions of urban water supply to poor households. World Dev 36(10):1891–1915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BPS (2012a) Human Development Index (HDI) by Province and National, 1996–2010. From
  3. BPS (2012b) Number and percentage of poor people, poverty line, poverty gap index, poverty severity index by province 2007–2009 (March), 2010–2011. Retrieved 25 Sept 2012, from
  4. BPS Kota Jayapura (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015) Kota Jayapura Dalam AngkaGoogle Scholar
  5. Devas N (2004) Urban governance, voice and poverty in the developing world. Earthscan Publications, Sterling, VA; LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. DKP Kota Jayapura (2012) Laporan Kinerja Dinas Kebersihan dan Pemakaman Kota JayapuraGoogle Scholar
  7. EHRA (2012) Laporan Survei EHRA Kota Jayapura 2012Google Scholar
  8. Firman T (2012) Urbanization and urban development patterns. The Jakarta Post. From, 12 May 2012
  9. Flyvbjerg B (2006) Five misunderstandings about case-study research. Qual Inq 12(2):219–245. Scholar
  10. Jones P, Suhartini N (2014a) Reframing approaches to conceptualising urban governance in Melanesia: insights from Jayapura and Port Moresby. J City Reg Plann 25(2):96–114Google Scholar
  11. Jones P, Suhartini N (2014b) Governance and its complexities: insights from formal and informal urban governance approaches in Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia. Paper presented at the 11th UPE international conference, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  12. Paruntung M (2004) Faktor-faktor yang Memperngaruhi Pemilihan Lokasi Perumahan Perumnas IV Padang Bulan Kota Jayapura. Tesis, Universitas Diponegoro, SemarangGoogle Scholar
  13. PDAM Kabupaten Jayapura (2010) Corporate plan PDAM Kabupaten Jayapura 2011–2014Google Scholar
  14. Peraturan Daerah Kota Jayapura Nomor 1 Tahun 2014 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota JayapuraGoogle Scholar
  15. Stoker G (1998) Governance as theory: five propositions. Int Soc Sci J 50(1):17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Suhartini N (2015) Exploring typologies of informal settlements as a reflection of adaptive and responsive urban development. Paper presented at the 3rd Planocosmo conference, BandungGoogle Scholar
  17. Suhartini N (2016) Governing informality: urban basic service provision in informal settlements. Paper presented at the 9th IFOU international conference, Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  18. UNESCAP (2015) Urban transformations: shifting from quantity to quality. The State of Asian and Pacific Cities 2015Google Scholar
  19. UN-Habitat (2016) Urbanization and development: emerging futures. World Cities Report. Nairobi, Africa. Available online

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Architecture, Planning and Policy DevelopmentInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.School of Architecture, Design and PlanningThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations