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Fungal Infections of Central Nervous System and Their Relationship to Neuropsychiatric Disorders

  • Onur Gökçen
  • Nermin Gündüz
  • Mehmet Turgut
Chapter

Abstract

Fungal infections involving the central nervous system (CNS) are a worldwide problem, possibly due to increased number of immunosuppressed patients in recent years. Clinically, fungal infections closely mimic neuropsychiatric disorders because some patients with fungal infections have neuropsychiatric symptoms; therefore, early diagnosis and appropriate medical therapy of these cases are of utmost importance. To reduce the mortality and morbidity in these patients, a high index of suspicion is vital for differential diagnosis. In this chapter, relationships between the fungal infections of the CNS and psychiatric disorders are reviewed in terms of neuropsychiatric manifestations of fungal infections, fungal infections in drug abusers, and dermatological fungal infections in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Keywords

Fungal infection Neuropsychiatric symptoms Differential diagnosis Treatment 

Abbreviations

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

CNM

Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis

CNS

Central nervous system

CT

Computed tomography

EPS

Extrapyramidal symptoms

HAART

Highly active antiretroviral therapy

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

IV

Intravenous

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Onur Gökçen
    • 1
  • Nermin Gündüz
    • 2
  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 3
  1. 1.Psychiatry ClinicKütahya Health Sciences University School of MedicineKütahyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryKütahya Health Sciences University School of MedicineKütahyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryAydın Adnan Menderes University School of MedicineAydınTurkey

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