Intracranial Space-Occupying Lesions
Central nervous system (CNS) fungal infections have been diagnosed increasingly over the last few decades, due to the increase of immunocompromised patients under risk and improvements in imaging technology. Today, fungi are increasingly being recognized, but Candida and Aspergillus are the most common agents of invasive fungal infections. Although some improvements have been achieved, CNS fungal infections constitute a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Fungal space-occupying lesions include intracranial granulomas, abscesses, and cysts, particularly in the primary parenchymal location. Nonneoplastic fungal space-occupying lesions of the CNS can grow expansively and easily mimic their neoplastic counterparts in clinical and radiological evaluations. In this chapter we review the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of fungal intracranial space-occupying lesions.
KeywordsInfection Fungal Mass Lesion Intracranial
Central nervous system
Magnetic resonance imaging
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