Raised Intracranial Pressure

  • Hasan Emre Aydın
  • Ismail Kaya


Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are widely observed in healthy hosts (Cryptococcus, Coccidioides, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, and Sporothrix) or in immunocompromised hosts by opportunistic pathogens (Candida, Aspergillus, Zygomycetes, and Trichosporon) (Redmond et al. 2007). Chronic meningitis or meningoencephalitis syndrome, brain abscess, rhino-cerebral syndrome, and rare fungal ventriculitis are among the clinical syndromes of CNS fungal infections and are frequently observed among children in clinical practice. CNS fungal infections should be considered in patients who have serous nasal flow, orbital pain, seizures, increased intracranial pressure, and meningitis with or without chronic febrile encephalitis. Initial characteristics of these CNS fungal infections are usually non-specific symptoms such as general fatigue, chronic fever, headache, subacute dementia, episodes, and neurologic deficits (Teive et al. 2008). Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is responsible for both early mortality and auditory, visual, and cognitive symptoms of meningitis caused by fungal infections (Sun et al. 2004).


nervous system Cerebrospinal fluid Diagnosis Fungal infections Intracranial hypertension Physiopathology Raised intracranial pressure 



Central nervous system


Cerebrospinal fluid


Extraventricular drainage


Intracranial pressure


Optic nerve sheath


Pulsatility index






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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hasan Emre Aydın
    • 1
  • Ismail Kaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKutahya Health Sciences UniversityKütahyaTurkey

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