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Meningitis and Meningoencephalitis

  • Alexa Bodman
  • Walter A. HallEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Fungal meningitis and meningoencephalitis are unusual diagnoses that are associated with significant neurological morbidity and mortality. Due to difficulty in making this diagnosis, recognition of this entity can be delayed. Common causative of fungal meningitis include Candida spp., Cryptococcus spp., Aspergillus spp., Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Mucorales. Awareness of the common fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) and their treatment are important for any clinician treating infections of the CNS.

Keywords

Fungal meningitis Cryptococcal meningitis Aspergillosis Candida meningitis Coccidioidal meningitis 

Abbreviations

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

CNS

Central nervous system

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

ICU

Intensive care unit

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgerySUNY Upstate Medical UniversitySyracuseUSA

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