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Ion Exchange Resin Technology in Recovery of Precious and Noble Metals

  • A. MohebbiEmail author
  • A. Abolghasemi Mahani
  • A. Izadi
Chapter

Abstract

Ion exchange technology has received outstanding attention in a wide variety of industries, including water treatment, pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals and hydrometallurgy due to its fast and high-efficiency operations. In hydrometallurgical applications, ion exchange resins have been used increasingly for the recovery and purification of metal pregnant solutions or for effluent treatment. This chapter devoted to an integrated evaluation of the present uses and future developments of the ion exchange resins in extraction and recovery of precious and noble metals including gold, silver, copper, uranium and iron. A detailed discussion about the recent advances of the ion exchange technique in metal recovery from their pregnant solutions is also presented from the aspects of anion metal adsorption on the resins and metal-loaded resin elution. Besides comprehensive overview about the effectiveness of surface modified resins, the major limitations of the resin adsorption techniques are pointed out.

Abbreviation

1EDA

1-ethylenediamine

aAEP

1-(2-aminoethyl) piperazine

BV

Bed volume

CMP

Chemical and mechanical polishing

CPU

Central processing units

DMA

Dimethylamine

DVB

Divinylbenzene

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

EW

Electrowinning

IEX

Ion exchange

IEXRs

Ion exchange resins

MAs

Mixed amines

PAGs

Polyamine groups

PIN

Pin contact elements

PMLS

Precious metals

QA

Quaternary ammonium

QABs

Quaternary amino groups

QAGs

Quaternary amine groups

RIP

Resin in pulp

RIS

Resin in solution

SAGs

Secondary amino groups

st-DVB

Polystyrene crosslinked with divinylbenzene

SX-EW

Solvent extraction-Electrowinning

TAGs

Tertiary amino groups

TEPA

Tetraethylenepentamine

VBC

Vinylbenzylchloride

WB

Weak base resin

WEEE

Wasted electronics and electronic equipment

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, School of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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