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Relationship Between Central Venous Pressure and Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients

  • P. M. HonoréEmail author
  • C. Pierrakos
  • H. D. Spapen
Chapter
Part of the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (AUICEM)

Abstract

Central venous pressure (CVP) is the blood pressure within the vena cava relative to atmospheric pressure. The CVP is determined by the interaction between cardiac function and venous return, which in turn are influenced by total blood volume, vascular tone, cardiac output, right ventricular compliance and intrathoracic, abdominal, and pericardial pressures [1]. When correctly measured, CVP reflects right atrial pressure and volume status of the right and, to a lesser extent, the left ventricle [2]. In critically ill patients, CVP is used to assess cardiac preload and volume status and to assist in the diagnosis of right- and left-sided heart failure.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Intensive CareCentre Hospitalier Universitaire BrugmannBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Ageing & Pathology Research GroupVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium

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