Literature Review

  • Ángel Arcos-Vargas
  • Laureleen Riviere
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)


Grid parity can be basically defined as the intersection of the price of the electricity generated by a PV system and the price of conventional electricity production (Hurtado Munoz et al. in Technol Forecast Soc Change 87:179–190, 2014, [1]). This expression was first used in a scientific publication in 2005, when an article for the magazine “Frontiers, the BP magazine of technology and innovation” related it with making solar PV competitive [1]. Since then the term has been used in almost every paper dealing with the development or the future of PV energy. This chapter will provide a literature review about the different definitions that exist, the methods of calculation and the geographic areas where it will be reached.


  1. 1.
    Hurtado Munoz LA, Huijben JCCM, Verhees B, Verbong GPJ (2014) The power of grid parity: a discursive approach. Technol Forecast Soc Change 87:179–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Esram T, Krein PT, Kuhn BT, Balog RS, Chapman PL (2008). Power electronics needs for achieving grid-parity. In: Solar energy costs, IEEE energy 2030 Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 17–18 Nov 2008Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bronski P, Creyts J, Guccione L, Madrazo M, Mandel J, Rader B, Seif D, Lilienthal P, Glassmire J, Abromowitz J, Crowdis M, Richardson J, Schmitt E, Tocco H (2014) The economics of grid defectionGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Biondi T, Moretto M (2015) Solar grid parity dynamics in Italy: a real option approach. Energy 80:293–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Breyer C, Gerlach A (2010) Global overview on grid-parity. Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl 21:121–136Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bhandari R, Stadler I (2009) Grid parity analysis of solar photovoltaic systems in Germany using experience curves. Sol Energy 83:1634–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Breyer C, Gerlach A (2010) Global overview on grid-parity event dynamics. In: 25th European photovoltaic solar energy conference/WCPEC-5, Valencia, Sept 2010Google Scholar
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    Politecnico de milano. Solar energy report 2012. Il sistema industriale italiano nel business dell’energia solareGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Global market Outlook for solar power 2016–2020 from Solar Power EuropeGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lopez-Polo A, Haas R, Panzer C, Auer H (2012) Prospects for grid-parity of photovoltaics due to effective promotion schemes in major countries. Energy Economics Group, Vienna University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Poortmans J, Sinke W (2008) The strategic research agenda of the European PV technology platform. In: IEA: energy technology roadmap workshop, PV ERA NET 3rd joint workshop, Paris-France, 2008Google Scholar
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    Breyer C, Gerlach A, Werner C (2011) Grid parity: coming sooner than you think. Future PhotovoltaicsGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nuno F (2016) A regulatory frameworks for PV prosumersGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Castillo-Cagigal M, Caamaño-Martın E, Matallanas E, Masa-Bote D, Gutierrez A, Monasterio-Huelin F, Jimenez-Leube J (2011) PV self-consumption optimization with storage and active DSM for the residential sectorGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ángel Arcos-Vargas
    • 1
  • Laureleen Riviere
    • 2
  1. 1.University of SevilleSevillaSpain
  2. 2.University of SevilleSevillaSpain

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