Advertisement

Understanding Corruption in Different Contexts

  • Richard Rose
  • Caryn Peiffer
Chapter

Abstract

The authors Richard Rose and Caryn Peiffer discuss the meaning and standards of corruption by looking at countries in the Global North and Global South in their contribution entitled Understanding Corruption in Different Contexts. They refer to fuzzy and broad definitions of corruption in circulation worldwide and emphasize the demand for an integrated explanation of corruption by following an interdisciplinary approach. The chapter offers a review of social scientists’ theories about causes and consequences of corruption followed by new findings and evidence from a comparison of 122 countries around the globe assessed by the Global Corruption Barometer and 176 countries compared by the Corruption Perceptions Index of Transparency International. Rose and Peiffer find that generalizations about corruption in countries grouped according to geography and culture are misleading. Variations in national context within continents are greater than differences between mean ratings of continents. A superficial comparison of the degree of corruption across continents and countries of the Global South and North is fallacious. The authors suggest nine principles for reducing retail corruption with high practical value. In particular, they emphasize that reducing direct contact between public servants and citizens by delivering services electronically can result in more efficient public services at the grass roots and simultaneously lower the possibilities for corrupt behavior.

Keywords

Definitions of corruption Anti-corruption policies Corruption Perceptions Index Global Corruption Barometer Large-N comparison 

References

  1. Dabla-Norris, E. (2002). A game theoretic analysis of corruption in bureaucracies. In G. T. Abed & S. Gupta (Eds.), Governance, corruption, and economic performance (pp. 111–134). Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.Google Scholar
  2. Ekeh, P. P. (1975). Colonialism and the two publics in Africa: A theoretical statement. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 17(1), 91–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fukuyama, F. (2001). Asian values in the wake of the Asian crisis. In F. Iqbal & J.-I. You (Eds.), Democracy, market economics and development (pp. 149–168). Washington DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  4. Gupta, A. (1995). Blurred boundaries: The discourse of corruption, the culture of politics, and the imagined state. American Ethnologist, 22(2), 375–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Heidenheimer, A. J., & Johnston, M. (2002). Political corruption: Concepts and contexts (3rd ed.). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Hellman, J. S. (1998). Winners take all: The politics of partial reform in postcommunist transitions. World Politics, 50(2), 203–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hirschman, A. (1963). Journeys toward progress. New York: Twentieth Century Fund.Google Scholar
  8. Johnston, M. (2014). Corruption, contention and reform: The power of deep democratization. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Kurer, O. (2015). Definitions of corruption. In P. M. Heywood (Ed.), Routledge handbook of political corruption (pp. 30–41). Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Lambsdorff, J. G. (2007). The institutional economics of corruption and reform. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Manzetti, L., & Wilson, C. J. (2007). Why do corrupt governments maintain public support? Comparative Political Studies, 40(8), 949–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2013). Becoming Denmark: Historical designs of corruption control. Social Research, 80(4), 1259–1286.Google Scholar
  13. Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2015). The quest for good governance: How societies develop control of corruption. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Persson, A., Rothstein, B., & Teorell, J. (2013). Why anticorruption reforms fail: Systemic corruption as a collective action problem. Governance, 26(3), 449–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Peters, B. G., & Pierre, J. (2004). Multi-level governance and democracy: A Faustian bargain? In I. Bache & M. Flinders (Eds.), Multi-level governance (pp. 78–89). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Pierson, P. (2004). Politics in time: History, institutions and social analysis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Potter, J. D., & Tavits, M. (2011). Curbing corruption with political institutions. In S. Rose-Ackerman & T. Soreide (Eds.), International handbook on the economics of corruption (pp. 52–80). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  18. Rose, R. (2009). Understanding post-Communist transformation: A bottom up approach. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rose, R., & Peiffer, C. (2015). Paying bribes for public services: A global guide to grass-roots corruption. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rose, R., & Peiffer, C. (2019). Bad governance and corruption. London: Palgrave Macmillan/Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rose-Ackerman, S., & Soreide, T. (2011). International handbook on the economics of corruption (Vol. 2). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sajo, A. (2002). Clientelism and extortion: Corruption in transition. In S. Klotkin & A. Sajo (Eds.), Political corruption in transition: A sceptic’s handbook (pp. 1–22). Budapest: Central European University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Samuelson, P. (1954). The pure theory of public expenditure. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 36(4), 387–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Solnick, S. L. (1998). Stealing the state: Control and collapse in soviet institutions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Weber, M. (1947). The theory of social and economic organization (A. M. Henderson, & T. Parsons, Trans.). Glencoe, IL.: The Free Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Rose
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Caryn Peiffer
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for the Study of Public PolicyUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowScotland
  2. 2.European University InstituteFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.WissenschaftszentrumBerlinGermany
  4. 4.International Public Policy and Governance, School for Policy Studies, University of BristolBristolUK

Personalised recommendations