The Face Is Different from the Heart

  • Maria Siemionow


Designing a thesis in Poland is part tradition, part education, part science and part politics. A clock starts the moment the scalpel touches flesh. Time is one procedural factor over which a surgeon has no control. A face cannot be completely restored to form and function piecemeal.


Martial law comes to Poland Days with patients Nights with rabbits Creating a thesis Finding a mentor Laboratory in a nunnery Structure of a vessel “You have a lot of time” Why not a face transplant 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Siemionow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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