Face to Face pp 123-127 | Cite as

Ten Years Pass

  • Maria Siemionow


Ten years have passed since the first transplant was conducted at the Cleveland Clinic. Face transplants, while far from common, no longer stir media interest. A formal registry has been established to record the clinical aspects of each procedure as it is completed. There are now close to 40, perhaps more, transplants that have been completed world-wide. I conducted a review of the first 36 procedures to find that 4 patients died, a survival rate of 89%. Opportunistic infections were common in a majority of patients and were for the most part well managed by antibiotics and antivirals. The procedure is gaining acceptance but many clinical, biological and ethical questions remain to be answered.


Experience accumulates Procedures to date 25 hours or more Gunshot again Double transplant Survival rate Promising and effective Opportunistic infections Unanswered questions 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Siemionow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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