Linked Data Based Multi-omics Integration and Visualization for Cancer Decision Networks
Visualization of Gene Expression (GE) is a challenging task since the number of genes and their associations are difficult to predict in various set of biological studies. GE could be used to understand tissue-gene-protein relationships. Currently, Heatmaps is the standard visualization technique to depict GE data. However, Heatmaps only covers the cluster of highly dense regions. It does not provide the Interaction, Functional Annotation and pooled understanding from higher to lower expression. In the present paper, we propose a graph-based technique - based on color encoding from higher to lower expression map, along with the functional annotation. This visualization technique is highly interactive (HeatMaps are mainly static maps). The visualization system here explains the association between overlapping genes with and without tissues types. Traditional visualization techniques (viz-Heatmaps) generally explain each of the association in distinct maps. For example, overlapping genes and their interactions, based on co-expression and expression cut off are three distinct Heatmaps. We demonstrate the usability using ortholog study of GE and visualize GE using GExpressionMap. We further compare and benchmark our approach with the existing visualization techniques. It also reduces the task to cluster the expressed gene networks further to understand the over/under expression. Further, it provides the interaction based on co-expression network which itself creates co-expression clusters. GExpressionMap provides a unique graph-based visualization for GE data with their functional annotation and associated interaction among the DEGs (Differentially Expressed Genes).
This publication has emanated from research conducted with the financial support of Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) under Grant Number SFI/12/RC/2289, co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund.
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