Advertisement

Policy Choices Relating to Unemployment Benefit Schemes

  • Danny PietersEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter we present reflections concerning several issues related to the social protection of the unemployed. We start by asking what the risk of unemployment is and continue our journey by examining for whom social insurance or social assistance coverage of the risk should be organized. We look at how the involuntary character of unemployment should be established, as well as availability for the labor market and willingness to work. How the criteria for suitable work are defined is another relevant question. Can unemployment benefits go hand in hand with incapacity to work? How should a person’s previous work record be taken into account? Establishing the amount of unemployment and its duration are challenges to all unemployment schemes. We end the chapter by looking at the future of unemployment benefit schemes, paying special attention to the changing nature of work and its impact on unemployment schemes, as well as to plans to move towards a European unemployment insurance.

Keywords

Unemployment benefits Willingness to work Suitable work Amount of the unemployment benefit Duration of the unemployment benefit European unemployment insurance 

Bibliography

  1. J. T. Addison and P. J. J. Welfens (1998) Labor Markets and Social Security: Issues and Policy Options in the U.S. and Europe, X (New York: Springer).Google Scholar
  2. K. M. Anderson (2015) Social Policy in the European Union (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. J. Arpe, S. Milio, and A. Stuchlik (eds.) (2015) Social Policy Reforms in the EU: A Cross-National Comparison (SimEurope, London School of Economics, Bertelsmann Stiftung).Google Scholar
  4. A. B. Atkinson (2015) Inequality, What Can Be Done? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. P. Baldwin (1990) Politics of Social Solidarity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  6. N. Barr (2010) The Welfare State as Piggy Bank. Information, Risk, Uncertainty and the Role of the State (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  7. N. Barr and D. Whynes (1993) Current Issues in the Economics of Welfare (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire and London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  8. A. Barrientos and D. Hulme (2008) Social Protection for the Poor and the Poorest (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave).Google Scholar
  9. U. Becker (ed.) (2010) Security: A General Principle of Social Security Law in Europe (Groningen: Europa Law Publishing).Google Scholar
  10. J. Berghman (1999) ‘Basic Concepts on Social Security in Europe’ in B. Greve and D. Pieters (eds.) Social Security in an Interdisciplinary Perspective (Antwerpen: Maklu).Google Scholar
  11. J. Berghman (2003) Social Security Policy and Economics (Leuven: Universitaire Pers).Google Scholar
  12. J. Berghman (2013) ‘Prevention: The Cases of Social Security and Healthcare’ in B. Greve (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State (London and New York: Taylor and Francis Group).Google Scholar
  13. J. Berra (2000) La Structure des Systèmes de Sécurité Sociale: Étude de Droit Comparée (Lausanne: Institut de Recherches sur le Droit de la Responsabilité Civile et des Assurances).Google Scholar
  14. A. C. Bianculli (ed.) (2016) Regional Organizations and Social Policy in Europe and Latin America: A Space for Social Citizenship? (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  15. D. Bouget, H. Frazer, E. Marlier, R. Peña-Casas, and B. Vanhercke (2015) Integrated Support for the Long-Term Unemployed in Europe: A Study of National Policies (Brussels: European Commission).Google Scholar
  16. J. Bradshaw (2003) Children and Social Security, XXXII (Farnham: Ashgate).Google Scholar
  17. J. Bradshaw (ed.) (2008) Social Security, Happiness and Well-Being (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  18. L. Bryson (1992) Welfare and the State (London: Macmillan).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. B. Cass (1991) ‘Expanding the Concept of Social Justice: Implications for Social Security’ in M. Adler et al. (eds.) Sociology of Social Security (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press).Google Scholar
  20. J. Clasen and W. van Oorschot (2001) Changing Principles and Designs in European Social Security (European Institute of Social Security; Centre for Social Science).Google Scholar
  21. J. Clasen and W. van Oorschot (2002) ‘Changing Principles in European Social Security’, European Journal of Social Security, 4.2, 89–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Comité d’Histoire de la Sécurité Sociale. Association pour l’Étude de l’Histoire de la Sécurité Sociale (2006) L’esprit de Réforme dans la Sécurité Sociale à travers Son Histoire (Paris).Google Scholar
  23. P. M. Daignealt (2014) ‘Three Paradigms of Social Assistance’, Sage Open, 4, 1–8.Google Scholar
  24. I. Das Neves (1996) Direito da Segurança Social: Princípios Fundamentales Numa Análise Prospectiva (Coimbra: Coimbra Editora).Google Scholar
  25. B. De Mars, D. Pieters, and P. Schoukens (2010) ‘Security’ as General Principle of Social Security Law in Europe: Conclusions on Legislative Aspects’ in U. Becker, D. Pieters, F. Ross and P. Schoukens (eds.) Security: A General Principle of Social Security Law in Europe (Groningen: Europa Law Publishing).Google Scholar
  26. R. Dillemans, J. Van Langendonck, B. Van Buggenhout et al. (1978) Ontwerp van Wetboek Sociale Zekerheid (Leuven: Universitaire Pers).Google Scholar
  27. I. Dingeldey (ed.) (2009) Governance of Welfare State Reform: A Cross National and Cross Sectoral Comparison of Policy and Politics (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  28. J. E. Dixon and R. P. Scheurell (1995) Social Security Programs: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Perspective, VIII (Westport, CT: Greenwood).Google Scholar
  29. A. Downes (ed.) (2018) It’s Basic Income: The Global Debate (Bristol: Policy Press).Google Scholar
  30. J.-J. Dupeyroux (2001) Droit de la Sécurité Sociale (Paris: Dalloz).Google Scholar
  31. E. Eichenhofer (2000) Bismarck, die Socialversicherung und deren Zukunft (Berlin: Berlin Verlag).Google Scholar
  32. W. Eichhorst and A. Hemerijck (2010) ‘Welfare and Employment: A European Dilemma?’ in J. Alber and N. Gilbert (eds.) United in Diversity: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America (New York: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  33. G. Esping-Andersen (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (Cambridge: Polity Press).Google Scholar
  34. G. Esping-Andersen (1996) Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies XII (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications).Google Scholar
  35. G. Esping-Andersen (1999) The Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economics (Cambridge: Polity Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. G. Esping-Andersen (2009) The Incomplete Revolution (Cambridge: Polity Press).Google Scholar
  37. M. Ferrera (2009) Les Nouvelles Frontières du Social. L’intégration Européenne et les Transformations de L’espace Politique de la Protection Sociale (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po).Google Scholar
  38. F. Fichtner (2014) ‘Euro Area-Wide Unemployment Insurance: Useless, Desirable, or Indispensable?’ in D. Natali (ed.) Social Developments in the European Union (Brussels: ETUI, OSE).Google Scholar
  39. J.-F. Funck (2014) Droit de la Sécurité Sociale (Brussels: Larcier).Google Scholar
  40. B. Greve (ed.) (2013) The Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State (Abingdon: Routledge).Google Scholar
  41. B. Greve and D. Pieters (eds.) (1999) Social Security in an Interdisciplinary Perspective (Antwerpen and Apeldoorn: Maklu).Google Scholar
  42. H. Hansen (2002) Elements of Social Security: A Comparison Covering Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Austria, Germany, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Canada (Copenhagen: Danish National Institute of Social Research).Google Scholar
  43. S. Häusermann (2010) The Politics of Welfare State Reform in Continental Europe: Modernization in Hard Times (Cambridge: Cambridge University).Google Scholar
  44. M. Hill (1996) Social Policy: A Comparative Analysis (New York: Prentice Hall).Google Scholar
  45. J. Hills, J. Ditch, and H. Glennerster (1994) Beveridge and Social Security: An International Retrospective (Oxford: Clarendon Press).Google Scholar
  46. D. D. Hoskins (2000) Social Security Research: Change and Continuity (Helsinki: Kansaneläkelaitos).Google Scholar
  47. D. D. Hoskins, D. Dobbernack, and C. Kuptsch; ISSA (2001) Social Security at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Topical Issues and New Approaches, VIII (Piscataway NJ: Transaction Publishers).Google Scholar
  48. B. Kahil-Wolff and P.-Y. Greber (2006) Sécurité Sociale: Aspects de Droit National, International et Européen (Genève: Helbing & Lichtenhahn).Google Scholar
  49. K. Kapuy, D. Pieters, and B. Zaglmayer (2007) Social Security Cases in Europe: The European Court of Human Rights (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  50. P. A. Kemp, K. Van den Bosch, and L. Smith (2008) Social Protection in an Ageing World (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  51. K. Kremalis (1996) Simplification and Systematisation of Social Protection Rules (Athens: Sakkoulas).Google Scholar
  52. T.-K. Lehtonen and J. Liukko (2011) ‘The Forms and Limits of Insurance Solidarity’, Journal of Business Ethics, 103, 33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. A. Lindbeck and D. J. Snower (1988) The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).Google Scholar
  54. B. Lund (2002) Understanding State Welfare: Social Justice or Social Exclusion? (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).Google Scholar
  55. J. Millar (ed.) (2009) Understanding Social Security: Issues for Policy and Practice, 2nd edn (Bristol: Policy Press).Google Scholar
  56. J. Motmans, D. Cuypers, P. Meier, D. Mortelmans, and P. Zanoni (2011) Equal Is Not Enough: Challenging Differences and Inequalities in Contemporary Societies (Antwerp: Steunpunt Gelijkekansenbeleid).Google Scholar
  57. G. Nezosi (2005) Problèmes Politiques et Sociaux: La Gouvernance de la Sécurité Sociale (Paris: Documentation Française).Google Scholar
  58. A. Norton, T. Conway, and M. Foster (2001) Social Protection Concepts and Approaches: Implications for Policy and Practice in International Development (London: Overseas Development Institute).Google Scholar
  59. M. P. Olivier (1999) Social Security Law: General Principles, XXXVII (New York: Butterworths).Google Scholar
  60. J. Olk (1998) ‘Soziale Sicherheit im Globalen Dorf’, Zentralblatt für Sozialversicherung, Sozialhilfe und Versorung: Zeitschrift für das Recht der Sozialen Sicherheit, 52.4, 106–114.Google Scholar
  61. Organización Iberoamericano de Seguridad Social (2006) Código Iberoamericano de Seguridad Social (Madrid: OISS).Google Scholar
  62. F. J. L. Pennings (2006) ‘Social Security’ in J. M. Smits (eds.) Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  63. F. J. L. Pennings and G. Vonk (eds.) (2015) Research Handbook on European Social Security Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  64. R. Pereira (2017) Financing Basic Income: Addressing the Cost Objection (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, US).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. D. Pieters (1998) ‘Reflections on the Methodology of Social Security Law Comparison’ in F. Ruland, B. von Maydell and H.-J. Papier (eds.) Verfassung, Theorie und Praxis des Sozialstaats. Festschrift für Hans F. Zacher zum 70. Geburtstag (Heidelberg: C. F. Müller Verlag).Google Scholar
  66. D. Pieters (2002) ‘Social Security Systems in Europe: Reacting to a Difficult Economic Context’ in Reform and Perspectives on Social Insurance: Lessons from the East and West (London, The Hague, and New York: Kluwer Law International).Google Scholar
  67. D. Pieters (2002) ‘What Is a Social Security Contribution and What Is a Tax?’ in Sozialrecht and Sozialpolitik in Deutschland und Europa: Festschrift für Professor Bernd Baron von Maydell (Neuwied and Kriftel: Herman Luchterhand Verlag).Google Scholar
  68. D. Pieters (2002) The Social Security Systems of the Member States of the European Union (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  69. D. Pieters (2003) The Social Security Systems of the States Applying for Membership of the European Union (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  70. D. Pieters (2006) Social Security: An Introduction to the Basic Principles (Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International).Google Scholar
  71. D. Pieters (2009) Onze Sociale Zekerheid: Anders en Beter (Kapellen: Pelckmans).Google Scholar
  72. D. Pieters (2010) ‘La Seguridad Social en Europa: Entre la Conservación del Pasado y la Construcción del Futuro’ in Asociación Española de Salud y Seguridad Social (eds.) El Futuro Europeo de la Protección Social (Murcia: Ediciones Laborum).Google Scholar
  73. D. Pieters (2014) ‘Fuentes de Financiación y Futuro del Derecho Europeo’ in Los Retos Financieros del Sistema de Seguridad Social. Libro Homenaje al Profesor Antonio Ojeda Avilés (Murcia: Ediciones Laborum).Google Scholar
  74. D. Pieters (2015) ‘Social Security and Freedom of Religion’ in S. Devetzi and C. Janda (eds.) Freiheit-Gerechtigkeit-Sozial(es) Recht. Festschrift für Eberhard Eichenhofer (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag).Google Scholar
  75. D. Pieters and B. Zaglmayer (2006) Social Security Cases in Europe: National Courts (Antwerpen and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  76. D. Pieters and P. Schoukens (2015) ‘Social Security Law Instruments of the Next Generation: European Social Security Law as a Source of Inspiration?’ in F. Pennings and G. Vonk (eds.) Research Handbook on European Social Security Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  77. C. Pollitt, C. Talbot, J. Caulfield, and A. Smullen (2005) Social Security (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave).Google Scholar
  78. P. Rosanvallon (2000) The New Social Question: Rethinking the Welfare State (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  79. P. Saunders and R. Sainsbury (eds.) (2010) Social Security, Poverty and Social Exclusion in Rich and Poorer Countries (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  80. W. Schmähl (2009) Soziale Sicherung: Ökonomische Analysen (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften).Google Scholar
  81. E. Schokkaert (2001) Ethics and Social Security Reform, XIII (Farnham: Ashgate).Google Scholar
  82. P. Schoukens (ed.) (2010) Security: A General Principle of Social Security Law in Europe (Groningen: Europa Law Publishing).Google Scholar
  83. P. Schoukens (2016) EU Social Security: The Hidden Social Model (Tilburg: Tilburg University).Google Scholar
  84. P. Schoukens and D. Pieters (2007) Social Security Quo Vadis? Interviews with Social Security Administration CEOs in 15 Western European Countries (New York: IBM Global Social Segment—IBM Corporation).Google Scholar
  85. P. Schoukens, D. Pieters, U. Becker, and F. Ross (eds.) (2010) Security: A General Principle of Social Security Law in Europe (Groningen: Europa Law Publishing).Google Scholar
  86. R. Sigg and C. Behrendt; Internationale Vereinigung für Soziale Sicherheit (2003) Soziale Sicherheit im Globalen Dorf (Bern: Peter Lang).Google Scholar
  87. D. Simoens, D. Pieters, J. Put, P. Schoukens, and Y. Stevens (2005) Sociale Zekerheden in Vraagvorm; Liber Amicorum Jef Van Langendonck (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  88. H. W. Sinn (1995) ‘A Theory of the Welfare State’, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 97.4, 495–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. P. Spicker (2011) How Social Security Works: An Introduction to Benefits in Britain (Bristol: Policy Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. A. Tollenaar (ed.) (2010) Social Security as a Public Interest: A Multidisciplinary Inquiry into the Foundations of the Regulatory Welfare State (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  91. UNRISD (2009) Social Policies in Small States (Genève: UNRISD).Google Scholar
  92. W. van Eeckhoutte and R. Blanpain (vol. ed., gen. ed.) (2018) International Encyclopaedia of Laws/Social Security (London, The Hague, and New York: Kluwer Law International).Google Scholar
  93. J. Van Langendonck (2009) Een Andere Kijk op Sociale Zekerheid (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  94. W. van Oorschot (ed.) (2014) Invisible Social Security Revisited: Essays in Honour Jos Berghman (Leuven: Lannoo Campus).Google Scholar
  95. W. van Oorschot (ed.) (2017) The Social Legitimacy of Targeted Welfare: Attitudes To Welfare Deservingness (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  96. P. Van Parijs and Y. Vanderborght (2006) Ein Grundeinkommen für Alle?: Geschichte und Zukunft Eines Radikalen Vorschlags (Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag).Google Scholar
  97. F. Vandenbroucke and B. Vanhercke (2014) A European Social Union: 10 Tough Nuts to Crack, Background report for the Friends of Europe High-Level Group on ‘Social Union’ (Brussels: Friends of Europe).Google Scholar
  98. B. Vanhercke, S. Sabato, and D. Bouget (ed.) (2017) Social Policy in the European Union: State of Play 2017Eighteenth Annual Report (Brussels: ETUI, OSE).Google Scholar
  99. B. von Maydel and A. Nussberger (2000) Transformation von Systemen Sozialer Sicherheit in Mittel- und Osteuropa: Bestandsaufnahme und Kritische Analyse aus dem Blickwinkel der Rechtswissenschaft (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot).Google Scholar
  100. G. Vonk and A. Tollenaar (ed.) (2009) Social Security as a Public Interest: A Multidisciplinary Inquiry into the Foundations of the Regulatory Welfare State (Antwerp and Cambridge: Intersentia).Google Scholar
  101. Numerous papers and policy papers on social security topics coming from the European Union, the Council of Europe, the International Labor Organization, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the European Institute of Social Security, the International Social Security Association and the European Social Observatory should be added, as well as the many interesting articles to be found in the European Journal of Social Security and in the International Social Security Review.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social LawKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations