A Hybrid GRASP/VND Heuristic for the Design of Highly Reliable Networks
There is a strong interplay between network reliability and connectivity theory. In fact, previous studies show that the graphs with maximum reliability, called uniformly most-reliable graphs, must have the highest connectivity. In this paper, we revisit the underlying theory in order to build uniformly most-reliable cubic graphs. The computational complexity of the problem promotes the development of heuristics. The contributions of this paper are three-fold. In a first stage, we propose an ideal Variable Neighborhood Descent (VND) which returns the graph with maximum reliability. This VND works in exponential time. In a second stage, we propose a hybrid GRASP/VND approach that trades quality for computational effort. A construction phase enriched with a Restricted Candidate List (RCL) offers diversification. Our local search phase includes a factor-2 algorithm for an Integer Linear Programming (ILP) model. As a product of our research, we recovered previous optimal graphs from the related literature in the field. Additionally, we offer new candidates of uniformly most-reliable graphs with maximum connectivity and maximum number of spanning trees.
KeywordsNetwork optimization Maximum reliability Heuristics GRASP VND ILP
This work is partially supported by Project 395 CSIC I+D Sistemas Binarios Estocásticos Dinámicos.
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