Crystal Lattice Defects as Natural Light Emitting Nanostructures in Semiconductors

  • Oleg VyvenkoEmail author
  • Anton Bondarenko
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 119)


The review summarizes previous and very recent data on the luminescent properties of natural low-dimensional nanostructures in tetrahedrally coordinated semiconductors which are two particular types of extended crystal lattice defects: stacking faults (SF) and dislocations. Experimental data obtained in diamond-like, zink-blend and wurtzite lattice structures revealed intrinsic luminescence bands with the specific for given material properties for both types of the defects. The data are discussed in the framework of suggested theoretical models and non-solved issues of the interpretation are underlined. An unexpected intrinsic luminescence of quantum barriers formed by SF in sphalerite crystals caused by its dipole moment due to spontaneous polarization in wurtzite phase SF of the width even as narrow as dislocation dissociation width as well as the presence of quantum well formed by SF in wurtzite type crystals are suggested to be included for the revision of the previous interpretation of the dislocation-related luminescence mechanisms. The possibility of usage of the extended defects as active elements of light-emitting devices is considered.


  1. 1.
    S. Ruvimov, P. Werner, K. Scheerschmidt, U. Gösele, J. Heydenreich, U. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, M. Grundmann, D. Bimberg, V.M. Ustinov, A.Y. Egorov, P.S. Kop’ev, Z.I. Alferov, Phys. Rev. B 51, 14766 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.V. Rakhlin, K.G. Belyaev, G.V. Klimko, I.S. Mukhin, D.A. Kirilenko, T.V. Shubina, S.V. Ivanov, A.A. Toropov, Sci. Rep. 8 (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Q. Zhu, J.D. Ganière, Z.B. He, K.F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, E. Pelucchi, A. Rudra, E. Kapon, Phys. Rev. B 82 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Someya, H. Akiyama, H. Sakaki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2965 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V.G. Dubrovskii, G.E. Cirlin, I.P. Soshnikov, A.A. Tonkikh, N.V. Sibirev, Y.B. Samsonenko, V.M. Ustinov, Phys. Rev. B 71 (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P.B. Hirsch, J. Phys. Colloq. 40, C6 (1979)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Heggie, R. Jones, Philos. Mag. Part B 48, 365 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.-L. Farvacque, P. François, Phys. Status Solidi B 223, 635 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Reiche, M. Kittler, H. Übensee, M. Krause, E. Pippel, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53, 04EC03 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.A. Drozdov, A.A. Patrin, V.D. Tkachev, JETP Lett. 23 (1976)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O.S. Medvedev, O.F. Vyvenko, A.S. Bondarenko, Semiconductors 49, 1181 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Yu, M. Cardona, Fundamentals of Semiconductors: Physics and Materials Properties, 4th edn. (Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2010)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    I. Yonenaga, Eng. Fract. Mech. 147, 468 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.P. Hirth, J. Lothe, Theory of Dislocations (Krieger Pub. Co., 1982)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Hornstra, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 5, 129 (1958)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D.J.H. Cockayne, I.L.F. Ray, M.J. Whelan, Philos. Mag. J. Theor. Exp. Appl. Phys. 20, 1265 (1969)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I.L.F. Ray, D.J.H. Cockayne, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 325, 543 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.M. Gómez, P.B. Hirsch, Philos. Mag. J. Theor. Exp. Appl. Phys. 36, 169 (1977)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    F.C. Frank, J.F. Nicholas, Lond. Edinb. Dublin Philos. Mag. J. Sci. 44, 1213 (1953)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. Bechstedt, U. Grossner, J. Furthmüller, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8003 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. García, M.L. Cohen, Phys. Rev. B 47, 4215 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Lähnemann, Phys. Rev. B 86 (2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y.A. Osipiyan, I.S. Smirnova, Phys. Status Solidi B 30, 19 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y.A. Osipyan, I.S. Smirnova, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 32, 1521 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Jones, A. Umerski, P. Sitch, M.I. Heggie, S. Öberg, Phys. Status Solidi A 138, 369 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S.P. Beckman, X. Xu, P. Specht, E.R. Weber, C. Kisielowski, D.C. Chrzan, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 14, 12673 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. Landauer, Phys. Rev. 94, 1386 (1954)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Winter, Phys. Status Solidi B 79, 637 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C. Elbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 376 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    V.V. Kveder, R. Labusch, Y.A. Ossipyan, Phys. Status Solidi A 92, 293 (n.d.)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Labusch, J. Phys. III 7, 1411 (1997)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    I. Yonenaga, Y. Ohno, T. Yao, K. Edagawa, J. Cryst. Growth 403, 72 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V. Kveder, M. Badylevich, E. Steinman, A. Izotov, M. Seibt, W. Schroter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2106 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Loshachenko, A. Bondarenko, O. Vyvenko, O. Kononchuk, Phys. Status Solidi C 10, 36 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    U.M. Gösele, H. Stenzel, M. Reiche, T. Martini, H. Steinkirchner, Q.-Y. Tong, Solid State Phenom. 47–48, 33 (1996)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Marklund, Phys. Status Solidi B 108, 97 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    N. Lehto, Phys. Rev. B 55, 15601 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    C.-Y. Yeh, S.-H. Wei, A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 50, 2715 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Y.T. Rebane, Y.G. Shreter, M. Albrecht, Phys. Status Solidi A 164, 141 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. Lähnemann, U. Jahn, O. Brandt, T. Flissikowski, P. Dogan, H.T. Grahn, J. Phys. Appl. Phys. 47, 423001 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. Newman, Phys. Rev. 105, 1715 (1957)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. Shevchenko, A.N. Tereshchenko, Solid State Phenom. 131–133, 583 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    D.B. Holt, B.G. Yacobi, Extended Defects in Semiconductors (Cambridge University Press, 2007)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    S.A. Shevchenko, A.N. Tereshchenko, Phys. Solid State 49, 28 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    V.V. Kveder, M. Kittler, Mater. Sci. Forum 590, 29 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    M. Reiche, M. Kittler, Crystals 6, 74 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    V. Higgs, E.C. Lightowlers, S. Tajbakhsh, P.J. Wright, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1087 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    T. Sekiguchi, S. Ito, A. Kanai, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 91–92, 244 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    T. Mchedlidze, O. Kononchuk, T. Arguirov, M. Trushin, M. Reiche, M. Kittler, Solid State Phenom. 156–158, 567 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    R. Sauer, C. Kisielowski-Kemmerich, H. Alexander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1472 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Y.S. Lelikov, Y.T. Rebane, S. Ruvimov, A.A. Sitnikova, D.V. Tarhin, Y.G. Shreter, Phys. Status Solidi B 172, 53 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    V. Higgs, M. Goulding, A. Brinklow, P. Kightley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1369 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    X. Yu, W. Seifert, O.F. Vyvenko, M. Kittler, T. Wilhelm, M. Reiche, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 2 (2008)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    R. Sauer, J. Weber, J. Stolz, E.R. Weber, 13 (n.d.)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    A.N. Izotov, A.I. Kolyubakin, S.A. Shevchenko, E.A. Steinman, Phys. Status Solidi A 130, 193 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    V.Y. Kravchenko, JETF 80, 9 (1995)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Y.S. Lelikov, Y.T. Rebane, Y.G. Shreter, Structure of Property Dislocations Semiconductors (eds. by S.G. Roberts, Holt, P.R. Wilshaw, Bristol, 1989), p. 119Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    J.L. Farvacque, P. Franc, Phys. B Condens. Matter 274, 995 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    U. Hilpert, J. Schreiber, L. Worschech, L. Höring, M. Ramsteiner, W. Ossau, G. Landwehr, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, 10169 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    P.J. Dean, A.D. Pitt, M.S. Skolnick, P.J. Wright, B. Cockayne, J. Cryst. Growth 59, 301 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    L. Worschech, W. Ossau, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, U. Hilpert, J. Schreiber, Y.T. Rebane, Y.G. Shreter, Phys. B 273–4, 895 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    A. Rosenauer, T. Reisinger, F. Franzen, G. Schütz, B. Hahn, K. Wolf, J. Zweck, W. Gebhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 4124 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Y.G. Shreter, Y.T. Rebane, O.V. Klyavin, P.S. Aplin, C.J. Axon, W.T. Young, J.W. Steeds, J. Cryst. Growth 159, 883 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    D.J. Mowbray, O.P. Kowalski, M.S. Skolnick, M. Hopkinson, J.P.R. David, Superlattices Microstruct. 15, 313 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    J. Schreiber, L. Höring, H. Uniewski, S. Hildebrandt, H.S. Leipner, Phys. Status Solidi A 171, 89 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    A. Naumov, K. Wolf, T. Reisinger, H. Stanzl, W. Gebhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2581 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    T. Karin, X. Linpeng, M.M. Glazov, M.V. Durnev, E.L. Ivchenko, S. Harvey, A.K. Rai, A. Ludwig, A.D. Wieck, K.-M.C. Fu, Phys. Rev. B 94 (2016)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    D.S. Smirnov, K.G. Belyaev, D.A. Kirilenko, M.O. Nestoklon, M.V. Rakhlin, A.A. Toropov, I.V. Sedova, S.V. Sorokin, S.V. Ivanov, B. Gil, T.V. Shubina, Phys. Status Solidi RRL—Rapid Res. Lett. 12, 1700410 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    P. Corfdir, P. Lefebvre, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 053512 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    F. Boutaiba, A. Belabbes, M. Ferhat, F. Bechstedt, Phys. Rev. B 89, 245308 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    J. Lähnemann, O. Brandt, U. Jahn, C. Pfüller, C. Roder, P. Dogan, F. Grosse, A. Belabbes, F. Bechstedt, A. Trampert, L. Geelhaar, Phys. Rev. B 86, 081302 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    S.V. Poltavtsev, Y.P. Efimov, Y.K. Dolgikh, S.A. Eliseev, V.V. Petrov, V.V. Ovsyankin, Solid State Commun. 199, 47 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    K. Maeda, S. Takeuchi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, L165 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    H. Iwata, U. Lindefelt, S. Öberg, P.R. Briddon, Phys. Rev. B 65, 033203 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    A. Galeckas, J. Linnros, P. Pirouz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 1 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    A. Galeckas, A. Hallén, S. Majdi, J. Linnros, P. Pirouz, Phys. Rev. B 74, 233203 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    H. Rii, T. Hidekazu, T. Michio, M.I. Kohei, M. Koji, Appl. Phys. Express 6, 011301 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    M.A. Razumova, V.N. Khotyaintsev, Phys. Status Solidi B 174, 165 (n.d.)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    O. Brümmer, J. Schreiber, Ann. Phys. 483, 105 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    N.I. Tarbaev, J. Schreiber, G.A. Shepelskii, Phys. Status Solidi A 110, 97 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    A. Hoffmann, J. Christen, J. Gutowski, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 1, 25 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    O. Vyvenko, A. Zozime, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 24, 105 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    V.D. Negrii, Y.A. Osipyan, N.V. Lomak, Phys. Status Solidi A 126, 49 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    V.D. Negrii, J. Cryst. Growth 117, 672 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    V.D. Negrii, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 7008 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    N.I. Tarbaev, G.A. Shepel’skii, Semiconductors 32, 580 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    M. Albrecht, L. Lymperakis, J. Neugebauer, Phys. Rev. B 90, 241201 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    M. Albrecht, H.P. Strunk, J.L. Weyher, I. Grzegory, S. Porowski, T. Wosinski, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2000 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    O.S. Medvedev, O.F. Vyvenko, A.S. Bondarenko, Semiconductors 49, 1181 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    O.S. Medvedev, O.F. Vyvenko, A.S. Bondarenko, V.Y. Mikhailovskii, V.E. Ubyivovk, P. Peretzki, M. Seibt, A.I.P. Conf, Proc. 1748, 020011 (2016)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    O. Medvedev, O. Vyvenko, A. Bondarenko, Phys. Status Solidi C 1700111, 1 (2017)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    O. Medvedev, O. Vyvenko, Phys. Status Solidi RRL—Rapid Res. Lett. 1700297 (2017)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    O. Medvedev, O. Vyvenko, E. Ubyivovk, S. Shapenkov, A. Bondarenko, P. Saring, M. Seibt, J. Appl. Phys. 123, 161427 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    M.R. Wagner, G. Callsen, J.S. Reparaz, J.-H. Schulze, R. Kirste, M. Cobet, I.A. Ostapenko, S. Rodt, C. Nenstiel, M. Kaiser, A. Hoffmann, A.V. Rodina, M.R. Phillips, S. Lautenschläger, S. Eisermann, B.K. Meyer, Phys. Rev. B 84, (2011)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    O. Brümmer, J. Schreiber, Krist. Tech. 9, 817 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    O.F. Vyvenko, A.A. Istratov, Phys. Solid State 36, 1794 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    D.J.H. Cockayne, A. Hons, J.C.H. Spence, Philos. Mag. A 42, 773 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    A.A. Istratov, O.F. Vyvenko, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4400 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Y.G. Shreter, Y.T. Rebane, T.J. Davis, J. Barnard, Darbyshire, M. Steeds, J.W. Perry, Camb. J. Online AU 449, (1996)Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    M.A. Reshchikov, D. Huang, L. He, H. Morkoç, J. Jasinski, Z. Liliental-Weber, S.S. Park, K.Y. Lee, Phys. B Condens. Matter 367, 35 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    M.A. Reshchikov, H. Morkoç, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    I. Yonenaga, H. Making, S. Itoh, T. Goto, T. Yao, J. Electron. Mater. 35, 717 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    R. Liu, A. Bell, F.A. Ponce, C.Q. Chen, J.W. Yang, M.A. Khan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021908 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    I. Belabbas, J. Chen, M.I. Heggie, C.D. Latham, M.J. Rayson, P.R. Briddon, G. Nouet, Model. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 24, 075001 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Y.T. Rebane, Phys. Rev. B 48, 14963 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    J. Huang, K. Xu, Y.M. Fan, M.T. Niu, X.H. Zeng, J.F. Wang, H. Yang, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 150 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    O.S. Medvedev, O.F. Vyvenko, A.S. Bondarenko, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 690, 012008 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    J.R.L. Fernandez, F. Cerdeira, E.A. Meneses, J.A.N.T. Soares, O.C. Noriega, J.R. Leite, D.J. As, U. Köhler, D.G.P. Salazar, D. Schikora, K. Lischka, Microelectron. J. 35, 73 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    M. Trushin, O.F. Vyvenko, Solid State Phenom. 205–206, 299 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    J. Lähnemann, O. Brandt, C. Pfüller, T. Flissikowski, U. Jahn, E. Luna, M. Hanke, M. Knelangen, A. Trampert, H.T. Grahn, Phys. Rev. B 84, 155303 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. Petersburg, PetrodvoretzRussia

Personalised recommendations