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Statistical Optimization of Tungsten Carbide Synthesis Parameters

  • Grant C. WallaceEmail author
  • Jerome P. Downey
  • Jannette Chorney
  • Katie Schumacher
  • Trenin Bayless
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Commercial methods for synthesizing tungsten carbide require large energy inputs due to the high temperatures and grinding processes associated with production. In this study, tungsten carbide was synthesized by adsorbing tungstate anions from aqueous solutions onto an activated carbon matrix. The tungsten-loaded precursor was carburized under mixtures of hydrogen, methane, and carbon monoxide to produce tungsten carbide at temperatures significantly lower than most commercial operations. Tungsten carbide was synthesized at temperatures below 1000 °C with conversion to tungsten carbide exceeding 90%. The adsorption and carburization processes were modelled and optimized using experimental design techniques. The effects of time, temperature, initial tungsten concentration, and pH were considered for modelling adsorption behaviour, while carburization behaviour was modelled on the effects of time, temperature, carbon content, and reducing gas composition. Carburization products were characterized using X-ray diffraction and scanning election microscopy. The adsorption of tungstate anions was measured using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy.

Keywords

Tungsten carbide Synthesis Statistical optimization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Research was sponsored by the Army Research Laboratory and was accomplished under Cooperative Agreement Number W911NF-15-2-0020. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Army Research Laboratory or the US Government. The US Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation herein.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grant C. Wallace
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jerome P. Downey
    • 1
  • Jannette Chorney
    • 1
  • Katie Schumacher
    • 1
  • Trenin Bayless
    • 1
  1. 1.Montana Technological UniversityButteUSA

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