Introduction: The Changing Landscape of Trade Facilitation and Regional Development Issues in West Africa
- 136 Downloads
The advent of technological advancement, digital commerce, and increased trade integration has continued to strengthen South-South regional trade institutions, partnerships, and capacities. With Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) now accounting for a substantive share of the global gross domestic product (GDP) and the robust economic growth and trade expansion being experienced in Africa, collaboration between governments, regulators, and organized private sectors is crucial for enhancing trade facilitation capacities in Africa. However, the continent and its sub-regions are continually being confronted by increasing trade costs arising from non-tariff sources, such as inefficient transportation, weak logistics infrastructure, cumbersome regulatory procedures, lengthy customs processes, and incoherent business documentation, thereby placing Africa at a competitively disadvantaged position. While discussing selected regional integration and development initiatives in West Africa, the article expatiates on the strategic importance of advancing trade facilitation agenda in the face of increasing non-tariff measures (NTMs) and the ongoing African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) negotiations.
KeywordsTrade facilitation Non-tariff measures AfCFTA West Africa ECOWAS WTO
- Adekunle, B. (2018a). Digital Payment, Ethnocultural Food and Alternative Agriculture [Blog]. Available at: http://evcontario2011.blogspot.com/2018/06/digital-payment-ethnocultural-food-and.html. Accessed 4 Oct 2018.
- Adekunle, B. (2018b). Asymmetric Information in the Halal Food Market – A Research Project Understanding Halal Food: A Glimpse ... [Blog]. Available at: http://evcontario2011.blogspot.com/2018/09/asymmetric-information-in-halal-food.html. Accessed 5 Oct 2018.
- Aryeetey, E. (2001). Regional Integration in West Africa (Working Paper No. 170). OECD Development Centre.Google Scholar
- Asenso-Okyere, K. (2005). Reflections on Economic Development Policy in West Africa. Paper Presented at a Seminar at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Australian International Trade and Transport Industry Development Fund (AITTIDF), Centre for Customs and Excise Duties, Charles Stuart University. (2018). Review of Australia’s Progress Towards Implementation of the Single Window Concept. Available online at: http://www.aittidf.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Single-Window-Final-Report.pdf
- Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD). (2002). From Regional Security to Regional Integration in West Africa: Lessons from ASEAN Experience. London: Centre for Democracy and Development.Google Scholar
- KGH. (2016). International Single Window Study: Australia Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Final report, available online at: https://www.sbr.gov.au/sites/g/files/net5641/f/KGH-DIBP-SW-International-Study-Final-Report-v1.0_FINAL.pdf
- Odularu G. O. (2013). An Economic Development Strategy for West Africa: Lessons and Policy Direction. Faculty of Business and Law, University of Sunderland, North East England, United Kingdom. Available online: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.640872
- Odularu, G. & Adekunle, B. (Eds.). (2017). Negotiating South-South Regional Trade Agreements: Economic Opportunities and Policy Directions for Africa. Springer. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-45569-3#toc
- Peterson, J. (2017). An Overview of Customs Reforms to Facilitate Trade. Journal of International Commerce and Economics, August, 2017. https://www.usitc.gov/journals
- Rolland, J. & Alpha, A. (2012). Reinforcing the Consistency of Commercial Policies in West Africa. ICTSD Bridges Africa, 1(1) – May 2012.Google Scholar
- UNECA/AUC/AfDB’s. (2011). Assessing Regional Integration in Africa (ARIA) IV – ‘Enhancing Intra-African Trade.’ Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available online at: http://www.uneca.org/aria4/ARIA4Full.pdf
- United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and Confederation of Indian Industry. (2018). Deepening Africa-India Trade and Investment Partnership. A joint report by the African Trade Policy Centre and Confederation of Indian Industry.Google Scholar
- WCO. (2017). Building a Single Window Environment. Available online at: http://www.wcoomd.org/-/media/wco/public/global/pdf/topics/facilitation/instruments-and-tools/tools/single-window/compendium/swcompendiumvol1all-parts.pdf
- World Bank. (2017). Trading Across Borders: Technology Gains in Trade Facilitation. In Doing Business 2017, October 25, 2016. http://www.doingbusiness.org/~/media/WBG/DoingBusiness/Documents/AnnualReports/English/DB17-Chapters/DB17-CS-Trading-across-borders.pdf
- World Economic Forum (WEF). (2017). Paperless Trading: How Does it Impact the Trade System. Available online at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_36073_Paperless_Trading_How_Does_It_Impact_the_Trade_System.pdf
- World Trade Organization (WTO). (2015). Agreement on Trade Facilitation. Preparatory Committee on Trade Facilitation, W/L/931, July 15, 2015. https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/20y_e/wto_tradefacilitation_e.pdf
- Yakubu, G. (1984). The Economic Community of West African States: A Study in Political and Economic Integration. 3 Volumes, 793pp, University of Warwick, United Kingdom. The electronic version of the doctoral thesis is available at: http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/4397/1/WRAP_THESIS_Gowon_1984.pdf