Will Robin Ever Help “Nonna Lea” Using Artificial Intelligence?

  • Amedeo Cesta
  • Gabriella Cortellessa
  • Andrea Orlandini
  • Alessandro UmbricoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 544)


A new generation of Intelligent Robots are entering our working and living environments, taking care of human-level tasks. Such robotic systems are becoming more and more important also in healthcare assistance for elderly. Indeed, recent advancements in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics are fostering the diffusion of robotic agents with the capabilities needed to support both older adults and their caregivers in a variety of situations (e.g., in their homes, in hospitals, etc.). The capability of representing and reasoning about diverse kind of knowledge is crucial for allowing robotic assistants to understand the needs of the older persons as well as the status of the working environment. This paper presents a recent research initiative which aims at endowing autonomous robots with the capabilities needed to represent and reason on sensor data and to autonomously make decisions according to the inferred knowledge. The complete approach ends out being a cognitive control architecture, called Knowledge-based cOntinuous Loop (KOaLa) whose main aspect are described in this paper. The application of KOaLa to our Robin telepresence robot is also exemplified to enhance the services of older people assistance.


Assistive robotics Knowledge representation and reasoning Ambient intelligence Automated planning and scheduling Artificial Intelligence 


  1. 1.
    Bechhofer S (2009) OWL: web ontology language. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 2008–2009Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borgo S, Cesta, A, Orlandini A, Umbrico A (2016) A planning-based architecture for a reconfigurable manufacturing system. In: The 26th international conference on automated planning and scheduling (ICAPS)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cesta A, Cortellessa G, Fracasso F, Orlandini A, Turno M (2018) User needs and preferences on AAL systems that support older adults and their carers. J Ambient Intell Smart Environ 10(1):49–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cialdea Mayer M, Orlandini A, Umbrico A (2016) Planning and execution with flexible timelines: a formal account. Acta Inform 53(6–8):649–680MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Compton M, Barnaghi P, Bermudez L, García-Castro R, Corcho O, Cox S, Graybeal J, Hauswirth M, Henson C, Herzog A, Huang V, Janowicz K, Kelsey WD, Phuoc DL, Lefort L, Leggieri M, Neuhaus H, Nikolov A, Page K, Passant A, Sheth A, Taylor K (2012) The SSN ontology of the W3C semantic sensor network incubator group. Web Semant Sci Services Agents World Wide Web 17(Supplement C):25–32. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Coradeschi S, Cesta A, Cortellessa G, Coraci L, Gonzalez J, Karlsson L, Furfari F, Loutfi A, Orlandini A, Palumbo F, Pecora F, von Rump S, Štimec A, Ullberg J, Ötslund B (2013) GiraffPlus: combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independent living. In: The 6th international conference on human system interactions (HSI), pp 578–585Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cortellessa G, Fracasso F, Sorrentino A, Orlandini A, Bernardi G, Coraci L, De Benedictis R, Cesta A (2017) Enhancing the interactive services of a telepresence robot for AAL: developments and a psycho-physiological assessment. In: Cavallo F, Marletta V, Monteriù A, Siciliano P (eds) Ambient assisted living. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 337–357Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pellegrinelli S, Orlandini A, Pedrocchi N, Umbrico A, Tolio T (2017) Motion planning and scheduling for human and industrial-robot collaboration. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 66:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Umbrico A, Cesta A, Cialdea Mayer M, Orlandini A (2017) PLATINUm: a new framework for planning and acting. In: AI*IA 2016 advances in artificial intelligence: XVth international conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Genova, Italy, 29 Nov–1 Dec 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, pp 508–522Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amedeo Cesta
    • 1
  • Gabriella Cortellessa
    • 1
  • Andrea Orlandini
    • 1
  • Alessandro Umbrico
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Research Council of ItalyInstitute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies (ISTC-CNR)RomeItaly

Personalised recommendations