Intuitive User-Centered Interaction Design for ATV

  • Stuart ChapmanEmail author
  • Thomas Kirks
  • Jana Jost
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11262)


The communication between the human and robot in the social networked industry plays a crucial role. Autonomous robots navigate freely through the warehouses and therefore need to convey their intentions and tasks in an intuitive and understandable manner for its human counterpart. This study examines the icons on the e-Paper display of the ATV EMILI. Tasks of EMILI are the transportation of goods and collaborating with its user by adjusting its height for a safer ergonomic use. The robot communicates its status and intention via its display. The icons transfer task or error messages to its users. The icons have been evaluated in an iterative process consisting of three test phases. Based on the results of the different test phases and the technical restrictions new icons have not been developed until the requirements of the users have been matched. The error icons have been standardized and did not cause any ambiguity in their meaning, whereas the task icons had to be removed and new icons had to be developed.


User-centered design Human-robot-interaction Robotic interfaces 



We want to thank the Innovation lab Hybrid Services in Logistics, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and in the Center of Excellence for Logistics and IT funded by Ministry for innovation science and research of NRW, Germany.


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and LogisticsDortmundGermany

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