Advertisement

Palliative Cares as Human Rights: A Justification in the Light of Biolaw

  • Marisa AizenbergEmail author
Chapter
Part of the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine book series (LIME, volume 78)

Abstract

In this chapter, the author addresses the necessity to recognize Palliative Care as a human right, which means to endow it with two essential characteristics: its enforceability, that is, the punishability of those acts that ignore and/or skip it: and its universality regardless of individual conditions of people. Hence, the State must be the guarantor not only of the right to health but of the complete state of well-being as referred by the World Health Organization. Her conclusion is that denying palliative care to a patient, or not contemplating it as a certain and appropriate option in the health care system, imputes to the State a particular international responsibility, with consequent sanctions that could be applied.

References

  1. Broek, I., Harris, M., Henkens, M., Mekaoui, H., Palma, P. P., Szumilin E. & Grouzard V. (Eds.) (2013). Guía clínica y terapéutica para uso del personal sanitário cualificado em programas curativos em hospitales y dispensarios. Geneve: WHO.Google Scholar
  2. Byock, I. (2015). Dying Shouldn’t Be So Brutal. NewYork Times. January 31 2015.Google Scholar
  3. Cherney, N. I. & Portenoy, R. K. (1994). Sedation in the management of refractory syntoms: Guidelines for evaluation and treatment. Journal of Palliative Care, 10(2), 31–38.Google Scholar
  4. Ciruzzi, M. S. (2012). Los dilemas al final de la vida: El paradigma bioético frente al paradigma penal. Revista Derecho Penal, 1(2), 29–64.Google Scholar
  5. Fassbender, K., Fainsinger, R., Brenneis, C. Brown, P. Braun, T. & Jacobs, P. (2005). Utilization and costs of the introduction of system-wide palliative Care in Alberta, 1993–2000. Palliative Medicine, 19, 513–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Luxardo, N., & Tripodoro, V. (2009). Perfil de cuidadores de enfermos en cuidados paliativos. Medicina, 69(5), 519–525.Google Scholar
  7. Menichetti, E., Romani, L., Meyer, J. A. & Scheucher, A. Costos en Cuidados Paliativos. www.researchgate.net. Accessed 20 January 2018.
  8. Reyes, M., & González, M. (2006). Costo día-cama en Cuidados Paliativos Especializados versus Servicios Convencionales: análisis económico del costo-beneficio. Buenos Aires: Asociación Latinoamericana de Cuidados Paliativos.Google Scholar
  9. Rodés, J., Carné, X. & Trilla, A. (Dirs.). (2002). Manual de Terapéutica Médica. Barcelona: Masson.Google Scholar
  10. Saramago, J. (2012). Las intermitencias de la muerte. Buenos Aires: Alfaguara.Google Scholar
  11. World Health Organization (2015). A special rapporteurs on health and torture. A/70/213. Geneve.Google Scholar
  12. World Health Organization. (2002). National cáncer control programmes: Policies and managerial guidelines. www.who.int/cancer/media/en/408.pdf. Accessed 15 January 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations