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Predicting Freezing of WebRTC Videos in WiFi Networks

  • Suying Yan
  • Yuchun GuoEmail author
  • Yishuai Chen
  • Feng Xie
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 258)

Abstract

WebRTC is an open source project which enables real-time communication within web browsers. It facilitates web-based multimedia applications, e.g. video conferencing and receives great interest from the academia. Nevertheless understanding of quality of experience (QoE) for the WebRTC video applications in wireless environment is still desired. For the QoE metric, we focus on the widely accepted video freezing event. We propose to identify a freezing event by comparing the interval of receiving time between two successive video frames, named F-Gap, with a threshold. To enable automatically tracking of video freezing, we modify the original WebRtc protocol to punch receiving timestamp on the frame overhead. Furthermore, we evaluate the correlation between video freezing and quality of service (QoS) in WiFi network based on experiments in typical indoor environment. We build a machine learning model to infer whether QoE is unacceptable or not in the next time window based on current QoS metrics. Experiments verify that the model has good accuracy and the QoE state is mainly relevant to quality metrics of Round-Trip Time, Link Quality and RSSI. This model is helpful to highlight the providers in system design and improve user experience via avoiding bad QoE in advance.

Keywords

WiFi WebRTC QoS Freezing Machine learning 

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suying Yan
    • 1
  • Yuchun Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yishuai Chen
    • 1
  • Feng Xie
    • 2
  1. 1.Beijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.ZTE Inc.ShenzhenChina

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