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Starch-Based Nanocomposites: Types and Industrial Applications

  • Faruq MohammadEmail author
  • Tanvir Arfin
  • Ibrahim B. Bwatanglang
  • Hamad A. Al-lohedan
Chapter

Abstract

The extraordinary physicochemical and functional features offered by the starch material segregated from various sources of plants, such as rice, corn and wheat, are put into use for a large extent of applications. The physicochemical features of starch namely lipids content, a ratio of amylose to amylopectin, the size distribution of granule play a significant role to grasp the concept related to the mechanism on the functionality of starch in various systems. The starch-modified chemistry along with a large number of reactive sites carries the biologically active compounds as biocompatible carriers and are metabolized in the human body quickly and comfortably. The current chapter focusses on the different composites made up of starch along with polymers like polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxy alkaloid where the synthesis, chemistry and application part are greatly discussed. Further, the physicochemical stability of the nanocomposites relating the specific structure is compared in addition to their deployment in various industrial applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Drs. FM and HAAL are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University for funding through Vice Deanship of Scientific Research Chairs.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faruq Mohammad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tanvir Arfin
    • 2
  • Ibrahim B. Bwatanglang
    • 3
  • Hamad A. Al-lohedan
    • 1
  1. 1.Surfactant Research Chair, Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Environmental Materials DivisionCSIR-National Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (NEERI)NagpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceAdamawa State UniversityMubiNigeria

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