• Jennifer Joan Baldwin
Part of the Language Policy book series (LAPO, volume 17)


The conclusion draws together the various threads of this study into languages other than English in the Australian tertiary sector: the shifting priorities of governments and also of universities. It has highlighted the inconsistency in language policies and has looked at those influences, socially, culturally politically and economically which have impacted on language policies and teaching. Throughout this study there has been the thread of national interest and how successive governments have sought to justify policies in the name of what is good for the country. National interest, as demonstrated, is an elusive concept. What has also been shown is the importance of benefaction throughout the history of the university sector to enable certain languages to be taught. Whilst benefaction cannot be anticipated, it is likely to be a positive factor for language offerings in the years to come.


National interest Language policy Benefaction Government priorities Political influences Economic influences 


Government Reports, Records and Legislation

  1. Commonwealth of Australia. (1970). The teaching of Asian languages and cultures in Australia. Report by the Commonwealth Advisory Committee on the Teaching of Asian Languages and Cultures in Australia (known as the Auchmuty Report). Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia.Google Scholar
  2. Commonwealth of Australia. (1978). Migrant services and programs: Report of the review of post-arrival programs and services for migrants. (known as the Galbally Report). Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service.Google Scholar
  3. National Asian Languages & Cultures Working Group (NALCWG). (1994). Asian languages and Australia’s economic future. A report prepared for the Council of Australian Governments on a proposed national Asian languages/studies strategy for Australian schools. (known as the Rudd Report). Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Government Printer.Google Scholar

Academic Reports and Surveys, Conference Proceedings

  1. LCNAU. (2014a). About LCNAU. Point 2. Accessed from on 11 Mar 2014.

University Records and Official Publications

  1. University of Sydney. (1853). The Sydney University calendar. 1852–53. Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney Accessed from on 25 July 2011.Google Scholar

Books, Articles and Websites

  1. Bradshaw, J., Deumart, A., & Burridge, K. (2008). Victoria’s languages – Gateway to the world. Melbourne, Australia: VITA Language Link.Google Scholar
  2. Clyne, M. (2005). Australia’s language potential. Sydney, Australia: University of New South Wales Press.Google Scholar
  3. Hajek, J., & Slaughter, Y. (Eds.). (2015). Challenging the monolingual mindset. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Joan Baldwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ArtsUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations