Advertisement

The Effects of Large-Scale Public Investment on Cities and Regions in Turkey

  • Müzeyyen Anıl ŞenyelEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

Large-scale government investments have crucial impacts on the economy as well as social, environmental, and cultural realms in Turkey. These investments, targeting the building of a nation state once, turned into economic-oriented profit-seeking projects after the 1980s. The large-scale projects, also named as megaprojects in the literature, have been successful to a certain extent, while their negative repercussions have been evident due to prioritizing economic gains over social and environmental benefits, and accounting for limited participation. The large-scale projects discussed in this section are; The Southeastern Anatolia Project which aimed to support socio-economic development via agriculture and industry in the most disadvantaged region of the country; tourism investments after the enactment of the “Law for the Encouragement of Tourism” which favored economic growth primarily in coastal zones; critical infrastructure projects such as highway projects, the High Speed Train, and the İzmir suburban rail which focused on improved connections. These projects are discussed with regard to their initial intentions, scopes, performances, and consequences. Most of them are criticized for disrupting social and natural values while economic benefits have also been limited, except for some successful projects such as Izmir suburban rail (IZBAN) which supports networking while amalgamating technical know-how and local experience.

Keywords

Large-Scale investments Megaprojects Public investments 

References

  1. Aksoy S (2016) Railways: locomotive of capitalism. Sosyal Araştırmalar Vakfı, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  2. Akyürek G (2005, December) Impact of Atatürk Dam on social and environmental aspects of the southeastern anatolia project. METU, Ankara. http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12606992/index.pdf. Accessed 19 Apr 2018
  3. Atik M, Altan T, Artar M (2006) Turizm ve Doğa Koruma “Güney Antalya Bölgesi”: Gelişmeler ve Sonuçları. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 19(2):165–177. http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/18142. Accessed 10 June 2018
  4. Avci S (2005) Ulaşım Coğrafyası Açısından Türkiye’nin Ulaşım Politikaları ve Coğrafi Sonuçları. Ulusal Coğrafya Konferansı 2005, Istanbul:87–96. Accessed 10 March 2018Google Scholar
  5. Bornstein L (2010) Mega-projects, city-building and community benefits. City Cult Soc 1:199–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccs.2011.01.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Businessht (2015) 92 Yıllık Büyüme Serüvenimiz, Businessht. http://www.businessht.com.tr/yazarlar/cagdas-sirin/1068162-92-yillik-buyume-seruvenimiz. Accessed 9 Apr 2018
  7. Çakırca D (2015) Keban Barajı İle Neler Kaybettik. 4. Su Yapıları Sempozyumu, pp 550–561. Antalya. http://www.imo.org.tr/resimler/ekutuphane/pdf/17688_55_57.pdf. Accessed 11 Mar 2018
  8. Capka JR (2004) They are different breed. Public Roads Mag 68(1). https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/04jul/01.cfm. Accessed 10 June 2018
  9. Çarkoğlu A, Eder M (2005) Developmentalism Alla Turca: the southeastern Anatolia development project (GAP). In: Adaman F, Arsel M (eds) Environmentalism in Turkey: between democracy and development?. Routledge, New York, pp 168–183Google Scholar
  10. Çetin B, Barış S, Saroğlu S (2011) Türkiye’de Karayollarının Gelişimine Tarihsel Bir Bakış. Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 1(1):123–150. http://iibfdergi.karatekin.edu.tr/Makaleler/152046497_T%C3%BCrkiye%E2%80%99de%20Karayollar%C4%B1n%C4%B1n%20Geli%C5%9Fimine%20Tarihsel%20Bir%20Bak%C4%B1%C5%9F.pdf. Accessed 11 Mar 2018
  11. EGIAD (2017, May) Ekonomik ve Demografik Göstergelerle İzmir. İzmir, Turkey. http://www.egiad.org.tr/wp-content/uploads/arastirma-raporlari/ekonomik-demografik-gostergelerle-izmir.pdf. Accessed 2 Apr 2018
  12. Eşiyok BA (2004, May) Türkiye Ekonomisinde Kalkınma Stratejileri ve Sanayileşme. http://kalkinma.com/userfiles/pagefiles/genel-arastirmalar/GA-04-02-09_Turkiyede_Kalkinma_Stratejileri_ve_Sanayilesme.pdf. Accessed 30 Mar 2018
  13. GAP Action Plan (n.d.) Southeastern Anatolia project regional development administration: http://www.gap.gov.tr/en/action-plan-page-5.html Accessed 14 Apr 2018
  14. GAP Master Plan (n.d.) South Eastern Anatolia project regional development administration. http://www.gap.gov.tr/en/master-plan-page-2.htm. Accessed 13 Mar 2018
  15. GAP Social Action Plan (n.d.) Southeastern Anatolia project development administration. http://www.gap.gov.tr/en/social-action-plan-page-4.html. Accessed 13 Mar 2018
  16. Güzelsarı S (2008) Küresel Kapitalizm ve Devletin Dönüşümü: Türkiye’de Mali İdarede Yeniden Yapılanma. Sav Yayınları, İstanbulGoogle Scholar
  17. History of GAP (n.d.) Southeastern Anatolia project regional development administration. http://www.gap.gov.tr/en/history-page-3.html. Accessed 13 Mar 2018
  18. Initiative to Keep Hasankeyf Alive (2017) Report on the current status of the Ilısu hydroelectric power plant project and Hasankeyf. http://www.hasankeyfgirisimi.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Ilisu-Report_HYG_2017-09-111.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2018
  19. IZBAN (n.d.) IZBAN. http://www.izban.com.tr/Sayfalar/Single.aspx?MenuId=8. Accessed 2 June 2018
  20. Jia G, Yang F, Wang G, Hong B, You R (2011) A study of mega project from a perspective of social conflict theory. Int J Project Manage 29:817–827.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.04.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Karayolları Genel Müdürlüğü Yol Ağı Bilgileri (n.d.). http://www.kgm.gov.tr/sayfalar/kgm/sitetr/kurumsal/yolagi.aspx. Accessed 11 Mar 2018
  22. Kardes I, Ozturk A, Cavusgil ST, Cavusgil E (2013) Managing Global Megaprojects: Complexity and Risk Management. Int Bus Rev 22:905–917.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.01.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Keban Barajı (n.d.) Devlet Su İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü. http://www.dsi.gov.tr/projeler/keban-baraj%C4%B1. Accessed 9 May 2018
  24. Kepenek Y, Yentürk N (1994) Türkiye Ekonomisi (6 b.). Remzi Kitabevi, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  25. Keyder Ç (2004) Ulusal Kalkınmacılığın İflası, 3rd edn. Metis, İstanbulGoogle Scholar
  26. Latest State in GAP (n.d.) Southeastern Anatolia project regional development agency. http://www.gap.gov.tr/en/latest-state-in-gap-page-47.html. Accessed 14 Apr 2018
  27. Örs H (2005) Güney Antalya Turizm Gelişim Projesi. Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi 16(2):204–210. https://www.anatoliajournal.com/atad/depo/dergiler/Cilt16_Sayi2_Yil2005_1303157221.pdf. Accessed 10 June 2018
  28. Orueta FD, Fainstein SF (2009) The new mega-projects: genesis and impacts. Int J Urban Reg Res Symp:759–767.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2008.00829.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Development (n.d.) Annual programs. http://www.kalkinma.gov.tr/Pages/YillikProgramlar.aspx. Accessed 3 Mar 2018
  30. TUIK (n.d.) Genel Nüfus Sayımları. https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/nufusmenuapp/menu.zul. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  31. TUIK. (n.d.) İl ve İlçe Nüfusları. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreIstatistikTablo.do?istab_id=1590. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  32. Turkish State Railways (2017, February) 161 Year history of Turkish railways. http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/content/e-kitap#161.YIL/4-5. Accessed 18 Apr 2018
  33. Turkish State Railways (2017, May) Rail sector report 2016. http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/files/istatistik/2016sektorraporu.pdf. Accessed 18 Apr 2018
  34. Üstün S (1997) Turkey and the Marshall Plan: the strive for aid. Ankara Univ J Database. http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/44/1569/17035.pdf. Accessed 8 June 2018
  35. Zidane YJ, Johansen A, Ekambaram A (2013) Megaprojects—challenges and lessons learned. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci 74:349–357.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccs.2011.01.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of City and Regional PlanningMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations