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Effects of Radiation on the Environment

  • Gurpreet Kaur
  • Jandeep SinghEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

The origin and existence of life on Earth owe to the presence of radiations that triggered photochemical transformations for sustainable life forms. The classification of radiations into ionizing and non-ionizing radiations, on the basis of interaction with matter, distinguishes their role in the evolution of the environment and its components. With advancement in scientific knowledge, there has been vast development in technological processes that utilize radiations for human benefits. But sometimes radiations pose to be potential risk for environment especially when used as weapon for mass destruction and during human negligence leading to catastrophic disasters.

Keywords

Radioactivity Non-ionizing radiations Ionizing radiations Health effects 

Abbreviations

EM

Electromagnetic

Js

Joule seconds

UV

Ultraviolet

nm

Nanometer

NIR

Non-ionizing radiation

IR

Infrared

RF

Radio frequency

ELF

Extremely low frequency

Hz

Hertz

μw

Microwave

vis

Visible

EMFs

Electromagnetic fields

GPS

Global positioning systems

NRPB

National Radiological Protection Board

ICNIRP

International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection

UNSCEAR

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

CNSC

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

SI

System International

HCFCs

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

CT

Computed tomography

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

RNA

Ribonucleic acid

GCR

Galactic cosmic radiation

RF-EMFs

Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

NPPs

Nuclear power plants

HFCs

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

CFCs

Chlorofluorocarbons

VOCs

Volatile organic compounds

NO

Nitrous oxide

CAT

Computed axial tomography

INES

International Nuclear Event Scale

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryGujranwala Guru Nanak Khalsa CollegeLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia

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