Advertisement

Microwave-Assisted One-Step Synthesis of FeCo/Graphene Nanocomposite for Microwave Absorption

  • Jianhui Peng
  • Zhiwei PengEmail author
  • Liancheng Wang
  • Leixia Zheng
  • Zhongping Zhu
  • Guanghui Li
  • Tao Jiang
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

A high-performance microwave absorber composed of FeCo and graphene was prepared by a simple and rapid microwave-assisted one-step method. In the process, the metal precursors (iron hydroxide and cobalt hydroxide) and graphene oxide derived from graphite were transformed into FeCo and graphene, respectively, in only 12 min. Moreover, the FeCo nanoparticles were firmly dispersed on the surfaces of graphene nanosheets. The composition and structure of the FeCo/graphene nanocomposite were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy (RS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that with the filling ratio of only 10 wt% and the thickness of 2.2 mm, the nanocomposite showed the wide effective absorption bandwidth (less than −10 dB) of 4.7 GHz with the minimum reflection loss of −12.56 dB. The results of microwave absorption show that the nanocomposite is a potential candidate for high-performance microwave absorption.

Keywords

Graphene FeCo Microwave-assisted synthesis Electromagnetic parameters Microwave absorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 51774337, 51504297 and 51811530108; the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China, under Grant 2017JJ3383; the Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Management and Environment Safety (Tsinghua University) Open Fund under Grant SWMES2017-04; the Project of State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials under Grant 17kffk11; the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Central South University under Grant 2018zzts799; the Co-Innovation Center for Clean and Efficient Utilization of Strategic Metal Mineral Resources under Grant 2014-405; the Guangdong Guangqing Metal Technology Co. Ltd. under Grant 738010210; the Innovation-Driven Program of Central South University under Grant 2016CXS021; and the Shenghua Lieying Program of Central South University under Grant 502035001.

References

  1. 1.
    Liu C, Xu Y, Wu L, Jiang Z, Shen B, Wang Z (2015) Fabrication of core-multishell MWCNT/Fe3O4/PANI/Au hybrid nanotubes with high-performance electromagnetic absorption. J Mater Chem A 3:10566–10572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pawar S, Kumar S, Jain S, Gandi M, Chatterjee K, Bose S (2017) Synergistic interactions between silver decorated graphene and carbon nanotubes yield flexible composites to attenuate electromagnetic radiation. Nanotechnology 28:025201–025215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Qiang R, Du Y, Zhao H, Wang Y, Tian C, Li Z, Han X, Xu P (2015) Metal organic framework-derived Fe/C nanocubes toward efficient microwave absorption. J Mater Chem A 3:13426–13434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang F, Sun Y, Li D, Zhong B, Wu Z, Zuo S, Yan D, Zhuo R, Feng J, Yan P (2018) Microwave absorption properties of 3D cross-linked Fe/C porous nanofibers prepared by electrospinning. Carbon 134:264–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li Y, Liu R, Pang X, Zhao X, Zhang Y, Qin G, Zhang X (2018) Fe@C nanocapsules with substitutional sulfur heteroatoms in graphitic shells for improving microwave absorption at gigahertz frequencies. Carbon 126:372–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nieto A, Bisht A, Lahiri D, Zhang C, Agarwal A (2016) Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review. Int Mater Rev 62:241–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Novoselov KS, Fal′ko VI, Colombo L, Gellert PR, Schwab MG, Kim K (2012) A roadmap for graphene. Nature 490:192–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Compton OC, Nguyen ST (2010) Graphene oxide, highly reduced graphene oxide, and graphene: versatile building blocks for carbon-based materials. Small 6:711–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lv H, Guo Y, Yang Z, Cheng Y, Wang LP, Zhang B, Zhao Y, Xu ZJ, Ji G (2017) A brief introduction to the fabrication and synthesis of graphene based composites for the realization of electromagnetic absorbing materials. J Mater Chem C 5:491–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gao B, Qiao L, Wang J, Liu Q, Li F, Feng J, Xue D (2008) Microwave absorption properties of the Ni nanowires composite. J Phys D Appl Phys 41:235005–235010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang Y, Xu C, Xia Y, Wang T, Li F (2010) Synthesis and microwave absorption properties of FeCo nanoplates. J Alloy Compd 493:549–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Feng Y, Qiu T (2012) Enhancement of electromagnetic and microwave absorbing properties of gas atomized Fe-50 wt%Ni alloy by shape modification. J Magn Mater 324:2528–2533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sun G, Wu H, Liao Q, Zhang Y (2018) Enhanced microwave absorption performance of highly dispersed CoNi nanostructures arrayed on graphene. Nano Res 11:2689–2704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhu J, Luo Z, Wu S, Haldolaarachchige N, Young DP, Wei S, Guo Z (2012) Magnetic graphene nanocomposites: electron conduction, giant magnetoresistance and tunable negative permittivity. J Mater Chem 22:835–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Guo X, Bai Z, Zhao B, Zhang R, Chen J (2017) Tailoring Microwave-absorption properties of CoxNiy alloy/RGO nanocomposites with tunable atomic ratios. J Electron Mater 46:2164–2171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang B, Wang J, Tan H, Su X, Huo S, Yang S, Chen W, Wang J (2018) Synthesis of Fe@Ni nanoparticles-modified graphene/epoxy composites with enhanced microwave absorption performance. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 29:3348–3357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hummers WS, Offeman RE (1958) Preparation of graphitic oxide. J Am Chem Soc 80:1339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Che R, Peng L, Duan X, Chen Q, Liang X (2004) Microwave absorption enhancement and complex permittivity and permeability of Fe encapsulated within carbon nanotubes. Adv Mater 16:401–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fu M, Jiao Q, Zhao Y (2013) Preparation of NiFe2O4 nanorod-graphene composites via an ionic liquid assisted one-step hydrothermal approach and their microwave absorbing properties. J Mater Chem A 1:5577–5586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ren L, Huang S, Fan W, Liu T (2011) One-step preparation of hierarchical superparamagnetic iron oxide/graphene composites via hydrothermal method. Appl Surf Sci 258:1132–1138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mattevi C, Eda G, Agnoli S, Miller S, Mkhoyan KA, Celik O, Mastrogiovanni D, Granozzi G, Garfunkel E, Chhowalla M (2009) Evolution of electrical, chemical, and structural properties of transparent and conducting chemically derived graphene thin films. Adv Funct Mater 19:2577–2583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Peng Z, Hwang JY (2015) Microwave-assisted metallurgy. Int Mater Rev 60:30–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang X, Wang G, Cao W, Wei Y, Liang J, Guo L, Cao M (2014) Enhanced microwave absorption property of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-MnFe2O4 nanocomposites and polyvinylidene fluoride. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:7471–7478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang X, Guan P, Dong X (2010) Transform between the permeability and permittivity in the close-packed Ni nanoparticles. Appl Phys Lett 97:033107–033109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lu M, Cao W, Shi H, Fang X, Yang J, Hou Z, Jin H, Wang W, Yan J, Cao M (2014) Multi-wall carbon nanotubes decorated with ZnO nanocrystals: mild solution-process synthesis and highly efficient microwave absorption properties at elevated temperature. J Mater Chem A 2:10540–10547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wen B, Cao M, Hou Z, Song W, Zhang L, Lu M, Jin H, Fang X, Wang W, Yuan J (2013) Temperature dependent microwave attenuation behavior for carbon-nanotube/silica composites. Carbon 65:124–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Han M, Yin X, Kong L, Li M, Duan W, Zhang L, Cheng L (2014) Graphene-wrapped ZnO hollow spheres with enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties. J Mater Chem A 2:16403–16409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chen T, Deng F, Zhu J, Chen C, Sun G, Ma S, Yang X (2012) Hexagonal and cubic Ni nanocrystals grown on graphene: phase-controlled synthesis, characterization and their enhanced microwave absorption properties. J Mater Chem 22:15190–15197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Reid AHM, Kimel AV, Kirilyuk A, Gregg JF, Rasing Th (2010) Optical excitation of a forbidden magnetic resonance mode in a doped lutetium-iron-garnet film via the inverse Faraday effect. Phys Rev Lett 105:107402–107405CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianhui Peng
    • 1
  • Zhiwei Peng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liancheng Wang
    • 1
  • Leixia Zheng
    • 1
  • Zhongping Zhu
    • 1
  • Guanghui Li
    • 1
  • Tao Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Minerals Processing and BioengineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations