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Turkey

  • Büşra Ersanlı
Chapter

Abstract

Ersanlı argues that history teaching in Turkey reflects the widespread ignorance resulting from political censorship. The debates in Turkey focus on a number of different issues. Since 1992, the Ottoman past has been rehabilitated not only in history education, but also throughout the media, as part of a strategy to legitimise political claims. The demise of the USSR saw an increase in Pan-Turkic political affiliation, as a means to reinforce the ethnocentric narrative of Turkish textbooks. The Armenian issue, gender, the exclusion of Kurds and Alevîs from the ‘master narrative’ as well as controversy over the ‘First Republican Constitution’ are also examined. While the ‘cultural wars’ continue, Ersanlı observes that the denial of plurality, far from bringing peace, only serves to legitimise discrimination and conflict.

Further Reading

  1. Ersanlı, B. ‘Tarih Öğretiminde Türk Dünyası [The Turkic World in History Education]’. In Tarih Öğrenimi ve Ders Kitapları, edited by S. Özbaran, 205–220. İzmir: Dokuz Eylül Yayınları, 1998.Google Scholar
  2. Göksu Özdoğan, G. et al. Türkiye’de Ermeniler, Cemaat, Birey, Yurttaş [Armenians in Turkey: Community, Individual, Citizen]. İstanbul: Istanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2009.Google Scholar
  3. Göksu Özdoğan, G. and O. Kılıçdağı. Türkiye Ermenilerini Duymak: Sorunlar, Talepler ve Çözüm Önerileri [Hearing Out Turkey’s Armenians: Problems, Demands, Suggestions for Solution, TESEV]. İstanbul: TESEV, 2011.Google Scholar
  4. Nakou, I. and I. Barca, eds. Contemporary Public Debates Over History Education. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2010.Google Scholar
  5. Şahin Fırat, B. Burada Benden Birşey Yok mu Öğretmenim? Eğitim Sürecinde Kimlik, Çatışma ve Barışa Dair Algı ve Deneyimler – Alan Araştırması Raporu [Isn’t There Anything About Me Here, Teacher? Perceptions and Experiences in Identity, Conflict and Peace During the Process of Education.—Area Research Report]. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yayınları, 2010.Google Scholar

Recent Textbooks Reflecting Change

  1. Ortaöğretim-Çağdaş Türk ve Dünya Tarihi 12, (Secondary Education—Contemporary Turkic and World History, 12th grade), MEB, Ankara, 2010.Google Scholar
  2. Ortaöğrenim Tarih 11. sınıf (Secondary Education—History, 11th Grade), Ankara, MEB, 2010–2011.Google Scholar
  3. Ortaöğrenim Tarih 10. sınıf (Secondary Education—History, 10th grade), Ankara, 2008–2009.Google Scholar
  4. Ortaöğrenim Tarih 9. sınıf (Secondary Education—History, 9th grade), Ankara, MEB, 2008–2009.Google Scholar
  5. Uluslararası İlişkiler Dersi Programı, (International Relations Course Programme) Ankara, MEB, 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Büşra Ersanlı
    • 1
  1. 1.Modern History and History DidacticsSapienza University of RomeRomaItaly

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