• Mirela-Luminița Murgescu


Murgescu examines history education in Romania with reference to the ‘History Textbook Scandal’ of 1999, which occurred in the context of a severe economic and social crisis. With the development of a new curriculum for the 12th grade, a textbook published by a group of young historians at the ‘Sigma Publishing House’ provoked strong debate. The media played an instrumental role in transforming this debate into a public scandal. The debate also revealed the different standards and diverging sensibilities of professional historians, causing damage to the profession’s reputation, and culminated in Education Minister Andronescu’s decision to ban the textbook in 2001. The low profile of subsequent debates reflects the declining prestige of not only history education but the education system as a whole in Romania.

Further Reading

  1. Boia, L. History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness. Budapest: Central European University, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. Heinen, A. ‘Auf den Schwingen Draculas nach Europa? Die öffentliche Debatte um neue Schulbücher als Indikator der Transformationkrise der Rumänischen Geschichtskultur’. Jahrbücher für Geschichte und Kultur Südosteuropas 2 (2000), 91–104.Google Scholar
  3. Kahl, T., M. Metzeltin and M.-R. Ungureanu, eds. Rumänien (= Österreichische Osthefte, 46). Vienna: LIT Verlag, 2006.Google Scholar
  4. Murgescu, B. ‘Geschichte im Transformationsprozeß: Rumänien’. In GegenErinnerung: Geschichte als Politisches Argument, edited by H. Altrichter, 237–259. Munich: Oldenbourg, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Murgescu, M.-L. ‘L’histoire à l’école au temps de transition. Les avatars de l’enseignement de l’histoire dans la Roumanie après 1989’. La revue française d’éducation comparée 4 (2009), 71–84.Google Scholar
  6. Murgescu, M.-L. Istoria din ghiozdan [History from the Schoolbag]. București: Dominor, 2004.Google Scholar
  7. Pârâianu, R. ‘National Prejudices, Mass Media and History Textbooks: Mitu Controversy’. In Nation-Building and Contested Identities: Romanian and Hungarian Case Studies, edited by B. Trencsényi et al., 93–117. Budapest-Jassy: Regio Books & Polirom, 2001.Google Scholar
  8. Pârâianu, R. ‘Politica și predarea istoriei [Politics and History Teaching]’. Eurozine (2005), accessed 27 June 2016,
  9. Szakács, S. ‘Now and Then: National Identity Construction in Romanian History. A Comparative Study of Communist and Post-Communist School Textbooks’. Internationale Schulbuchforschung/International Textbook Research 29 (2007) 1, 23–47.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirela-Luminița Murgescu
    • 1
  1. 1.Modern History and History DidacticsSapienza University of RomeRomaItaly

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