In this chapter, Alayan explores the challenges and dilemmas confronting textbooks published by the Palestinian Authority (PA), their foci and the processes they have undergone through the years. There is little doubt as to how influential textbooks are on the collective identity of Palestinian students and on the construction of a national identity. In 2000 the PA started introducing Palestinian textbooks, and these have been the subject of debate since 2006. While some claimed that the new curriculum did not live up to the expectations and national-historical perceptions of the Palestinians, Israel argued that the new textbooks were aggressive and that they encouraged violence. The textbooks studied exemplify claims that educational materials produced in countries with ongoing conflict rarely demonstrate objectivity.
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