• Hercules (Iraklis) Millas


Millas discusses the popularity of history as connected to its foundational role in the Greek nation state and the formation of the national consciousness of its citizens. The debate concerns the representation of Greek national identity and its inseparability from the Orthodox Church, with particular reference to the sixth grade history textbook prepared by a body of experts headed by Maria Repoussi. The protagonists in this debate include the state, and Ministry of Education, the Church of Greece, politically motivated members of the extreme right and left, as well as academics and journalists. The eventual abolishment of the textbook, and its public burning by Golden Dawn, suggests that objections to textbook and curricular revision are difficult to overcome in the current climate.

Further Reading

  1. Bilginer, E. M. ‘Recent Debates on Greek History Textbooks: The Case of the Contemporary History Textbook for 6th Grade by Maria Repoussi’. Master’s thesis, Istanbul: Bilgi University, 2012.Google Scholar
  2. Brewer, D. Greece, The Hidden Centuries. Turkish Rule from the Fall of Constantinople to Greek Independence. London: I. B. Tauris, 2010.Google Scholar
  3. Cajani, L. ‘L’histoire, les lois, les mémoires. Sur quelques conflits récents en Europe’. Revue française de pédagogie 165 (2008): 65–76.Google Scholar
  4. Gallas, N. ‘Ethnos, ethnikismos kai ethnikio tautotita sto dimosio logo gyro apo to enhiridio istorias tis ST’ Dimotikou, tis sxolikis periodou 2006–2007 [Nation, nationalism and national identity in the public discourse towards the history textbook for 6th grade]’. Master’s thesis, Patras: Open University of Greece, 2008.Google Scholar
  5. Kokkinos, Y. Istoria tou Neoterou kai Syhronou Kosmou [History of the Modern and Contemporary World] Athens, OEDB, 2002.Google Scholar
  6. Kremmydas, V. Istoria Neoteri—Syhroni, elliniki, europaiki kai pagkosmia [Modern and Contemporary History, Greek, European and World], Athens, OEDB, 1984.Google Scholar
  7. Liakos, A. ‘History Wars: Questioning Tolerance’. In Discrimination and Tolerance in Historical Perspective, edited by Gudmundur Halfanarson, 77–92. Piza: Edizione Plus, 2008.Google Scholar
  8. Nakou, I., and Apostolidou, E. ‘Debates in Greece: Textbooks as the Spinal Cord of History Education and the Passionate Maintenance of a Traditional Historical Culture’. In Contemporary Public Debates Over History Education, International Review of History Education, edited by Irene Nakou and Isabel Barca, 115–31. Charlotte, NC: IAP, 2010.Google Scholar
  9. Repoussi, M. ‘La vie scolaire de l´histoire en Grèce: enjeux, changements, contradictions, controverses, XIXe–XXe siècle’. In Raisons, Comparaisons, Educations: la revue française d’éducation comparée 4. L’histoire scolaire au risque des sociétés en mutation, edited by Nicole Tutiaux-Guillon, 49–66. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2009.Google Scholar
  10. Stavrianos, L. Istoria tou Anthropinou Genous, [The History of Mankind] Athens, OEDB, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hercules (Iraklis) Millas
    • 1
  1. 1.Modern History and History DidacticsSapienza University of RomeRomaItaly

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