Archaic Globalization: The Birth of the World-System

  • Julia Zinkina
  • David Christian
  • Leonid Grinin
  • Ilya Ilyin
  • Alexey Andreev
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
  • Sergey Shulgin
  • Andrey Korotayev
Part of the World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures book series (WSEGF)


This chapter examines several consecutive periods of the earliest history of globalization. In the ninth to seventh millennia bce, an Afro-Eurasian network emerged. Although it formed slowly and was a loose entity, it nevertheless functioned as a means of spreading innovation. Indeed, it transmitted information and ideas from one society to another, thus enabling the diffusion of technologies and innovations such as domesticated plants, animals, and metallurgy. This chapter traces the origins and diffusion patterns of some of these innovations (such as some crops from the Near Eastern “founder crop package,” some animal domesticates, as well as copper, bronze, and iron metallurgy, war chariots, and some luxury goods). The most important stages in the evolution of ancient globalization were related to the “Urban Revolution” (fourth to mid-third millennia bce), and subsequently to the emergence of agrarian empires (1200 bce–150 ce), which increased the density and variability of interconnections between the societies of the Afro-Eurasian world-system.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Zinkina
    • 1
  • David Christian
    • 2
  • Leonid Grinin
    • 3
  • Ilya Ilyin
    • 4
  • Alexey Andreev
    • 4
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
    • 5
  • Sergey Shulgin
    • 1
  • Andrey Korotayev
    • 3
  1. 1.Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public AdministrationMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Macquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Higher School of EconomicsNational Research UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Faculty of Global StudiesMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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