Introduction: Globalization Context

  • Julia Zinkina
  • David Christian
  • Leonid Grinin
  • Ilya Ilyin
  • Alexey Andreev
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
  • Sergey Shulgin
  • Andrey Korotayev
Part of the World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures book series (WSEGF)


This chapter centers on two separate yet interrelated questions: (1) How old is the global world? (2) How old is globalization? To answer the first question, we will use a set of criteria developed in the framework of world-systems analysis. As for the second question, in line with existing approaches, we will identify four stages of the history of globalization, namely archaic, proto-modern, modern, and the “newest.” After contextualizing these four general stages in the history of globalization, we will draw upon approaches from physics (phase transitions) and evolutionary biology (typostasis/typogenesis) in order to offer a more detailed periodization of archaic, proto-modern, and modern globalization. This periodization serves as a basis for the general structure of the book, which will also be outlined in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Zinkina
    • 1
  • David Christian
    • 2
  • Leonid Grinin
    • 3
  • Ilya Ilyin
    • 4
  • Alexey Andreev
    • 4
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
    • 5
  • Sergey Shulgin
    • 1
  • Andrey Korotayev
    • 3
  1. 1.Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public AdministrationMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Macquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Higher School of EconomicsNational Research UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Faculty of Global StudiesMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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