Phytomediated Synthesis of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles and Their Applications

  • Annu
  • Akbar Ali
  • Rahul Gadkari
  • Javed N. Sheikh
  • Shakeel Ahmed


Nanotechnology has evolved with synthetic as well as natural precursors, and nanomaterials can be obtained either naturally/incidentally or through engineering. Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO NPs) have found vast applications in various fields of science and technology, extending from electronics to structural engineering, agriculture and medicine. Conventionally, CeO NPs were synthesized by physical and chemical methods such as hydrothermal, flame spray pyrolysis, sonochemical, microwave, solgel, co-precipitation, etc., using chemicals as the reducing and stabilizing agents, which carry with them various biological and environmental risks due to their toxicity. Biological synthesis of NPs, using plants and microbes as a source of precursor material, is emerging as a safe and green alternative. The use of plant extracts is relatively more convenient and safer for this purpose in comparison to microbes. It also reduces the cost of maintaining the microorganisms’ isolation and culture. The ideal protocol provides a better control of shapes, sizes and dispersivity of metal nanoparticles and reduces the need for purification of the manufactured NPs, thus ridding from the extensive use of organic solvents. Synthesis of CeO NPs by utilizing the plant extract aqueous solution has gained ground due to having no adverse effect on the environment. These nanoparticles have shown their immense applications in the fields of photocatalysis and biomedicine. Due to their small size and free radical scavenging properties, they also find use in areas concerning the catalysts, sensors, solid oxide fuel cells, sun screen cosmetics, biotransformation and bioimaging and in the antioxidant and antibacterial treatments. Moreover, they provide excellent material for coating and polishing.


Nanoceria Phytosynthesis Plant extract NP applications 





Cerium oxide nanoparticles


Cerium dioxide


Differential scanning calorimetry


Field emission scanning electron microscopy


Reactive oxygen species


Selected area electron diffraction


Scanning electron microscopy


Scanning tunnelling microscopy


Transmission electron microscopy/high-resolution transmission electron microscopy


Thermogravimetric analysis


Wide-angle X-ray diffraction


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


X-ray diffraction


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annu
    • 1
  • Akbar Ali
    • 1
  • Rahul Gadkari
    • 2
  • Javed N. Sheikh
    • 2
  • Shakeel Ahmed
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Textile TechnologyIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryGovernment Degree College MendharMendhar, JammuIndia

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