Advances in Biomarker Studies in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Liming ShenEmail author
  • Yuxi Zhao
  • Huajie Zhang
  • Chengyun Feng
  • Yan Gao
  • Danqing Zhao
  • Sijian Xia
  • Qi Hong
  • Javed Iqbal
  • Xu Kun Liu
  • Fang Yao
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1118)


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental condition that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout life. The epidemiology of ASD is continuously increasing all over the world with huge social and economical burdens. As the etiology of autism is not completely understood, there is still no medication available for the treatment of this disorder. However, some behavioral interventions are available to improve the core and associated symptoms of autism, particularly when initiated at an early stage. Thus, there is an increasing demand for finding biomarkers for ASD. Although diagnostic biomarkers have not yet been established, research efforts have been carried out in neuroimaging and biological analyses including genomics and gene testing, proteomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics, and studies of the immune system, inflammation, and microRNAs. Here, we will review the current progress in these fields and focus on new methods, developments, research strategies, and studies of blood-based biomarkers.


Autism spectrum disorder Diagnosis Prediction Biomarker Proteomics 



The authors would like to acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 31870825) and Shenzhen Bureau of Science, Technology and Information (nos. JCYJ20150402100258220, JCYJ20150529164656093, JCYJ20170412110026229) for funds to support this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liming Shen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuxi Zhao
    • 1
  • Huajie Zhang
    • 1
  • Chengyun Feng
    • 2
  • Yan Gao
    • 2
  • Danqing Zhao
    • 3
  • Sijian Xia
    • 1
  • Qi Hong
    • 2
  • Javed Iqbal
    • 1
  • Xu Kun Liu
    • 1
  • Fang Yao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Life Science and OceanographyShenzhen UniversityShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Maternal and Child Health Hospital of BaoanShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyAffiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical UniversityGuiyangPeople’s Republic of China

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